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QWidget Class Reference
[QtGui module]

The QWidget class is the base class of all user interface objects. More...

Inherits QObject and QPaintDevice.

Inherited by EffectWidget, SeekSlider, VideoPlayer, VideoWidget, VolumeSlider, QAbstractButton, QAbstractSlider, QAbstractSpinBox, QCalendarWidget, QComboBox, QDesignerActionEditorInterface, QDesignerFormWindowInterface, QDesignerObjectInspectorInterface, QDesignerPropertyEditorInterface, QDesignerWidgetBoxInterface, QDesktopWidget, QDialog, QDialogButtonBox, QDockWidget, QFocusFrame, QFrame, QGLWidget, QGroupBox, QHelpSearchQueryWidget, QHelpSearchResultWidget, QLineEdit, QMainWindow, QMdiSubWindow, QMenu, QMenuBar, QPrintPreviewWidget, QProgressBar, QRubberBand, QSizeGrip, QSplashScreen, QSplitterHandle, QStatusBar, QSvgWidget, QTabBar, QTabWidget, QToolBar, QWebInspector, QWebView, QWizardPage, QWorkspace, QX11EmbedContainer and QX11EmbedWidget.

Types

Methods

Static Methods

Qt Signals


Detailed Description

The QWidget class is the base class of all user interface objects.

The widget is the atom of the user interface: it receives mouse, keyboard and other events from the window system, and paints a representation of itself on the screen. Every widget is rectangular, and they are sorted in a Z-order. A widget is clipped by its parent and by the widgets in front of it.

A widget that is not embedded in a parent widget is called a window. Usually, windows have a frame and a title bar, although it is also possible to create windows without such decoration using suitable window flags). In Qt, QMainWindow and the various subclasses of QDialog are the most common window types.

Every widget's constructor accepts one or two standard arguments:

  1. QWidget *parent = 0 is the parent of the new widget. If it is 0 (the default), the new widget will be a window. If not, it will be a child of parent, and be constrained by parent's geometry (unless you specify Qt.Window as window flag).
  2. Qt.WindowFlags f = 0 (where available) sets the window flags; the default is suitable for almost all widgets, but to get, for example, a window without a window system frame, you must use special flags.

QWidget has many member functions, but some of them have little direct functionality; for example, QWidget has a font property, but never uses this itself. There are many subclasses which provide real functionality, such as QLabel, QPushButton, QListWidget, and QTabWidget.

Top-Level and Child Widgets

A widget without a parent widget is always an independent window (top-level widget). For these widgets, setWindowTitle() and setWindowIcon() set the title bar and icon respectively.

Non-window widgets are child widgets, displayed within their parent widgets. Most widgets in Qt are mainly useful as child widgets. For example, it is possible to display a button as a top-level window, but most people prefer to put their buttons inside other widgets, such as QDialog.

A parent widget containing various child widgets.

The diagram above shows a QGroupBox widget being used to hold various child widgets in a layout provided by QGridLayout. The QLabel child widgets have been outlined to indicate their full sizes.

If you want to use a QWidget to hold child widgets you will usually want to add a layout to the parent QWidget. See Layout Management for more information.

Composite Widgets

When a widget is used as a container to group a number of child widgets, it is known as a composite widget. These can be created by constructing a widget with the required visual properties - a QFrame, for example - and adding child widgets to it, usually managed by a layout. The above diagram shows such a composite widget that was created using Qt Designer.

Composite widgets can also be created by subclassing a standard widget, such as QWidget or QFrame, and adding the necessary layout and child widgets in the constructor of the subclass. Many of the examples provided with Qt use this approach, and it is also covered in the Qt Tutorials.

Custom Widgets and Painting

Since QWidget is a subclass of QPaintDevice, subclasses can be used to display custom content that is composed using a series of painting operations with an instance of the QPainter class. This approach contrasts with the canvas-style approach used by the Graphics View Framework where items are added to a scene by the application and are rendered by the framework itself.

Each widget performs all painting operations from within its paintEvent() function. This is called whenever the widget needs to be redrawn, either as a result of some external change or when requested by the application.

The Analog Clock example shows how a simple widget can handle paint events.

Size Hints and Size Policies

When implementing a new widget, it is almost always useful to reimplement sizeHint() to provide a reasonable default size for the widget and to set the correct size policy with setSizePolicy().

By default, composite widgets which do not provide a size hint will be sized according to the space requirements of their child widgets.

The size policy lets you supply good default behavior for the layout management system, so that other widgets can contain and manage yours easily. The default size policy indicates that the size hint represents the preferred size of the widget, and this is often good enough for many widgets.

Note: The size of top-level widgets are constrained to 2/3 of the desktop's height and width. You can resize() the widget manually if these bounds are inadequate.

Events

Widgets respond to events that are typically caused by user actions. Qt delivers events to widgets by calling specific event handler functions with instances of QEvent subclasses containing information about each event.

If your widget only contains child widgets, you probably do not need to implement any event handlers. If you want to detect a mouse click in a child widget call the child's underMouse() function inside the widget's mousePressEvent().

The Scribble example implements a wider set of events to handle mouse movement, button presses, and window resizing.

You will need to supply the behavior and content for your own widgets, but here is a brief overview of the events that are relevant to QWidget, starting with the most common ones:

Widgets that accept keyboard input need to reimplement a few more event handlers:

You may be required to also reimplement some of the less common event handlers:

There are also some rather obscure events described in the documentation for QEvent.Type. To handle these events, you need to reimplement event() directly.

The default implementation of event() handles Tab and Shift+Tab (to move the keyboard focus), and passes on most of the other events to one of the more specialized handlers above.

Events and the mechanism used to deliver them are covered in The Event System.

Groups of Functions and Properties

Context Functions and Properties
Window functions show(), hide(), raise_(), lower(), close().
Top-level windows windowModified, windowTitle, windowIcon, windowIconText, isActiveWindow, activateWindow(), minimized, showMinimized(), maximized, showMaximized(), fullScreen, showFullScreen(), showNormal().
Window contents update(), repaint(), scroll().
Geometry pos, x(), y(), rect, size, width(), height(), move(), resize(), sizePolicy, sizeHint(), minimumSizeHint(), updateGeometry(), layout(), frameGeometry, geometry, childrenRect, childrenRegion, adjustSize(), mapFromGlobal(), mapToGlobal(), mapFromParent(), mapToParent(), maximumSize, minimumSize, sizeIncrement, baseSize, setFixedSize()
Mode visible, isVisibleTo(), enabled, isEnabledTo(), modal, isWindow(), mouseTracking, updatesEnabled, visibleRegion().
Look and feel style(), setStyle(), styleSheet, cursor, font, palette, backgroundRole(), setBackgroundRole(), fontInfo(), fontMetrics().
Keyboard focus functions focus, focusPolicy, setFocus(), clearFocus(), setTabOrder(), setFocusProxy(), focusNextChild(), focusPreviousChild().
Mouse and keyboard grabbing grabMouse(), releaseMouse(), grabKeyboard(), releaseKeyboard(), mouseGrabber(), keyboardGrabber().
Event handlers event(), mousePressEvent(), mouseReleaseEvent(), mouseDoubleClickEvent(), mouseMoveEvent(), keyPressEvent(), keyReleaseEvent(), focusInEvent(), focusOutEvent(), wheelEvent(), enterEvent(), leaveEvent(), paintEvent(), moveEvent(), resizeEvent(), closeEvent(), dragEnterEvent(), dragMoveEvent(), dragLeaveEvent(), dropEvent(), childEvent(), showEvent(), hideEvent(), customEvent(). changeEvent(),
System functions parentWidget(), window(), setParent(), winId(), find(), metric().
Interactive help setToolTip(), setWhatsThis()

Widget Style Sheets

In addition to the standard widget styles for each platform, widgets can also be styled according to rules specified in a style sheet. This feature enables you to customize the appearance of specific widgets to provide visual cues to users about their purpose. For example, a button could be styled in a particular way to indicate that it performs a destructive action.

The use of widget style sheets is described in more detail in the Qt Style Sheets document.

Transparency and Double Buffering

Since Qt 4.0, QWidget automatically double-buffers its painting, so there is no need to write double-buffering code in paintEvent() to avoid flicker.

Since Qt 4.1, the Qt.WA_ContentsPropagated widget attribute has been deprecated. Instead, the contents of parent widgets are propagated by default to each of their children as long as Qt.WA_PaintOnScreen is not set. Custom widgets can be written to take advantage of this feature by updating irregular regions (to create non-rectangular child widgets), or painting with colors that have less than full alpha component. The following diagram shows how attributes and properties of a custom widget can be fine-tuned to achieve different effects.

In the above diagram, a semi-transparent rectangular child widget with an area removed is constructed and added to a parent widget (a QLabel showing a pixmap). Then, different properties and widget attributes are set to achieve different effects:

To rapidly update custom widgets with simple background colors, such as real-time plotting or graphing widgets, it is better to define a suitable background color (using setBackgroundRole() with the QPalette.Window role), set the autoFillBackground property, and only implement the necessary drawing functionality in the widget's paintEvent().

To rapidly update custom widgets that constantly paint over their entire areas with opaque content, e.g., video streaming widgets, it is better to set the widget's Qt.WA_OpaquePaintEvent, avoiding any unnecessary overhead associated with repainting the widget's background.

If a widget has both the Qt.WA_OpaquePaintEvent widget attribute and the autoFillBackground property set, the Qt.WA_OpaquePaintEvent attribute takes precedence. Depending on your requirements, you should choose either one of them.

Since Qt 4.1, the contents of parent widgets are also propagated to standard Qt widgets. This can lead to some unexpected results if the parent widget is decorated in a non-standard way, as shown in the diagram below.

The scope for customizing the painting behavior of standard Qt widgets, without resorting to subclassing, is slightly less than that possible for custom widgets. Usually, the desired appearance of a standard widget can be achieved by setting its autoFillBackground property.

Creating Translucent Windows

Since Qt 4.5, it has been possible to create windows with translucent regions on window systems that support compositing.

To enable this feature in a top-level widget, set its Qt.WA_TranslucentBackground attribute with setAttribute() and ensure that its background is painted with non-opaque colors in the regions you want to be partially transparent.

Platform notes:

Native Widgets vs Alien Widgets

Introduced in Qt 4.4, alien widgets are widgets unknown to the windowing system. They do not have a native window handle associated with them. This feature significantly speeds up widget painting, resizing, and removes flicker.

Should you require the old behavior with native windows, you can choose one of the following options:

  1. Use the QT_USE_NATIVE_WINDOWS=1 in your environment.
  2. Set the Qt.AA_NativeWindows attribute on your application. All widgets will be native widgets.
  3. Set the Qt.WA_NativeWindow attribute on widgets: The widget itself and all of its ancestors will become native (unless Qt.WA_DontCreateNativeAncestors is set).
  4. Call QWidget.winId to enforce a native window (this implies 3).
  5. Set the Qt.WA_PaintOnScreen attribute to enforce a native window (this implies 3).

Softkeys

Since Qt 4.6, Softkeys are usually physical keys on a device that have a corresponding label or other visual representation on the screen that is generally located next to its physical counterpart. They are most often found on mobile phone platforms. In modern touch based user interfaces it is also possible to have softkeys that do not correspond to any physical keys. Softkeys differ from other onscreen labels in that they are contextual.

In Qt, contextual softkeys are added to a widget by calling addAction() and passing a QAction with a softkey role set on it. When the widget containing the softkey actions has focus, its softkeys should appear in the user interface. Softkeys are discovered by traversing the widget hierarchy so it is possible to define a single set of softkeys that are present at all times by calling addAction() for a given top level widget.

On some platforms, this concept overlaps with QMenuBar such that if no other softkeys are found and the top level widget is a QMainWindow containing a QMenuBar, the menubar actions may appear on one of the softkeys.

Note: Currently softkeys are only supported on the Symbian Platform.


Type Documentation

QWidget.RenderFlag

This enum describes how to render the widget when calling QWidget.render().

Constant Value Description
QWidget.DrawWindowBackground 0x1 If you enable this option, the widget's background is rendered into the target even if autoFillBackground is not set. By default, this option is enabled.
QWidget.DrawChildren 0x2 If you enable this option, the widget's children are rendered recursively into the target. By default, this option is enabled.
QWidget.IgnoreMask 0x4 If you enable this option, the widget's QWidget.mask() is ignored when rendering into the target. By default, this option is disabled.

This enum was introduced or modified in Qt 4.3.

The RenderFlags type is a typedef for QFlags<RenderFlag>. It stores an OR combination of RenderFlag values.


Method Documentation

QWidget.__init__ (self, QWidget parent = None, Qt.WindowFlags flags = 0)

The parent argument, if not None, causes self to be owned by Qt instead of PyQt.

Constructs a widget which is a child of parent, with widget flags set to f.

If parent is 0, the new widget becomes a window. If parent is another widget, this widget becomes a child window inside parent. The new widget is deleted when its parent is deleted.

The widget flags argument, f, is normally 0, but it can be set to customize the frame of a window (i.e. parent must be 0). To customize the frame, use a value composed from the bitwise OR of any of the window flags.

If you add a child widget to an already visible widget you must explicitly show the child to make it visible.

Note that the X11 version of Qt may not be able to deliver all combinations of style flags on all systems. This is because on X11, Qt can only ask the window manager, and the window manager can override the application's settings. On Windows, Qt can set whatever flags you want.

See also windowFlags.

bool QWidget.acceptDrops (self)

QString QWidget.accessibleDescription (self)

QString QWidget.accessibleName (self)

QWidget.actionEvent (self, QActionEvent)

This event handler is called with the given event whenever the widget's actions are changed.

See also addAction(), insertAction(), removeAction(), actions(), and QActionEvent.

unknown-type QWidget.actions (self)

Returns the (possibly empty) list of this widget's actions.

See also contextMenuPolicy, insertAction(), and removeAction().

QWidget.activateWindow (self)

Sets the top-level widget containing this widget to be the active window.

An active window is a visible top-level window that has the keyboard input focus.

This function performs the same operation as clicking the mouse on the title bar of a top-level window. On X11, the result depends on the Window Manager. If you want to ensure that the window is stacked on top as well you should also call raise_(). Note that the window must be visible, otherwise activateWindow() has no effect.

On Windows, if you are calling this when the application is not currently the active one then it will not make it the active window. It will change the color of the taskbar entry to indicate that the window has changed in some way. This is because Microsoft does not allow an application to interrupt what the user is currently doing in another application.

See also isActiveWindow(), window(), and show().

QWidget.addAction (self, QAction action)

Appends the action action to this widget's list of actions.

All QWidgets have a list of QActions, however they can be represented graphically in many different ways. The default use of the QAction list (as returned by actions()) is to create a context QMenu.

A QWidget should only have one of each action and adding an action it already has will not cause the same action to be in the widget twice.

The ownership of action is not transferred to this QWidget.

See also removeAction(), insertAction(), actions(), and QMenu.

QWidget.addActions (self, unknown-type actions)

Appends the actions actions to this widget's list of actions.

See also removeAction(), QMenu, and addAction().

QWidget.adjustSize (self)

Adjusts the size of the widget to fit its contents.

This function uses sizeHint() if it is valid, i.e., the size hint's width and height are >= 0. Otherwise, it sets the size to the children rectangle that covers all child widgets (the union of all child widget rectangles).

For windows, the screen size is also taken into account. If the sizeHint() is less than (200, 100) and the size policy is expanding, the window will be at least (200, 100). The maximum size of a window is 2/3 of the screen's width and height.

See also sizeHint() and childrenRect().

bool QWidget.autoFillBackground (self)

QPalette.ColorRole QWidget.backgroundRole (self)

Returns the background role of the widget.

The background role defines the brush from the widget's palette that is used to render the background.

If no explicit background role is set, the widget inherts its parent widget's background role.

See also setBackgroundRole() and foregroundRole().

QSize QWidget.baseSize (self)

QWidget.changeEvent (self, QEvent)

This event handler can be reimplemented to handle state changes.

The state being changed in this event can be retrieved through the event supplied.

Change events include: QEvent.ToolBarChange, QEvent.ActivationChange, QEvent.EnabledChange, QEvent.FontChange, QEvent.StyleChange, QEvent.PaletteChange, QEvent.WindowTitleChange, QEvent.IconTextChange, QEvent.ModifiedChange, QEvent.MouseTrackingChange, QEvent.ParentChange, QEvent.WindowStateChange, QEvent.LanguageChange, QEvent.LocaleChange, QEvent.LayoutDirectionChange.

QWidget QWidget.childAt (self, QPoint p)

Returns the visible child widget at the position (x, y) in the widget's coordinate system. If there is no visible child widget at the specified position, the function returns 0.

QWidget QWidget.childAt (self, int ax, int ay)

QRect QWidget.childrenRect (self)

QRegion QWidget.childrenRegion (self)

QWidget.clearFocus (self)

Takes keyboard input focus from the widget.

If the widget has active focus, a focus out event is sent to this widget to tell it that it is about to lose the focus.

This widget must enable focus setting in order to get the keyboard input focus, i.e. it must call setFocusPolicy().

See also hasFocus(), setFocus(), focusInEvent(), focusOutEvent(), setFocusPolicy(), and QApplication.focusWidget().

QWidget.clearMask (self)

Removes any mask set by setMask().

See also setMask().

bool QWidget.close (self)

This method is also a Qt slot with the C++ signature bool close().

Closes this widget. Returns true if the widget was closed; otherwise returns false.

First it sends the widget a QCloseEvent. The widget is hidden if it accepts the close event. If it ignores the event, nothing happens. The default implementation of QWidget.closeEvent() accepts the close event.

If the widget has the Qt.WA_DeleteOnClose flag, the widget is also deleted. A close events is delivered to the widget no matter if the widget is visible or not.

The QApplication.lastWindowClosed() signal is emitted when the last visible primary window (i.e. window with no parent) with the Qt.WA_QuitOnClose attribute set is closed. By default this attribute is set for all widgets except transient windows such as splash screens, tool windows, and popup menus.

QWidget.closeEvent (self, QCloseEvent)

This event handler is called with the given event when Qt receives a window close request for a top-level widget from the window system.

By default, the event is accepted and the widget is closed. You can reimplement this function to change the way the widget responds to window close requests. For example, you can prevent the window from closing by calling ignore() on all events.

Main window applications typically use reimplementations of this function to check whether the user's work has been saved and ask for permission before closing. For example, the Application Example uses a helper function to determine whether or not to close the window:

 void MainWindow.closeEvent(QCloseEvent *event)
 {
     if (maybeSave()) {
         writeSettings();
         event->accept();
     } else {
         event->ignore();
     }
 }

See also event(), hide(), close(), QCloseEvent, and Application Example.

QMargins QWidget.contentsMargins (self)

The contentsMargins function returns the widget's contents margins.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.6.

See also getContentsMargins(), setContentsMargins(), and contentsRect().

QRect QWidget.contentsRect (self)

Returns the area inside the widget's margins.

See also setContentsMargins() and getContentsMargins().

QWidget.contextMenuEvent (self, QContextMenuEvent)

This event handler, for event event, can be reimplemented in a subclass to receive widget context menu events.

The handler is called when the widget's contextMenuPolicy is Qt.DefaultContextMenu.

The default implementation ignores the context event. See the QContextMenuEvent documentation for more details.

See also event(), QContextMenuEvent, and customContextMenuRequested().

Qt.ContextMenuPolicy QWidget.contextMenuPolicy (self)

QWidget.create (self, int window = 0, bool initializeWindow = True, bool destroyOldWindow = True)

Creates a new widget window if window is 0, otherwise sets the widget's window to window.

Initializes the window (sets the geometry etc.) if initializeWindow is true. If initializeWindow is false, no initialization is performed. This parameter only makes sense if window is a valid window.

Destroys the old window if destroyOldWindow is true. If destroyOldWindow is false, you are responsible for destroying the window yourself (using platform native code).

The QWidget constructor calls create(0,true,true) to create a window for this widget.

QCursor QWidget.cursor (self)

QWidget.destroy (self, bool destroyWindow = True, bool destroySubWindows = True)

Frees up window system resources. Destroys the widget window if destroyWindow is true.

destroy() calls itself recursively for all the child widgets, passing destroySubWindows for the destroyWindow parameter. To have more control over destruction of subwidgets, destroy subwidgets selectively first.

This function is usually called from the QWidget destructor.

int QWidget.devType (self)

QWidget.dragEnterEvent (self, QDragEnterEvent)

This event handler is called when a drag is in progress and the mouse enters this widget. The event is passed in the event parameter.

If the event is ignored, the widget won't receive any drag move events.

See the Drag-and-drop documentation for an overview of how to provide drag-and-drop in your application.

See also QDrag and QDragEnterEvent.

QWidget.dragLeaveEvent (self, QDragLeaveEvent)

This event handler is called when a drag is in progress and the mouse leaves this widget. The event is passed in the event parameter.

See the Drag-and-drop documentation for an overview of how to provide drag-and-drop in your application.

See also QDrag and QDragLeaveEvent.

QWidget.dragMoveEvent (self, QDragMoveEvent)

This event handler is called if a drag is in progress, and when any of the following conditions occur: the cursor enters this widget, the cursor moves within this widget, or a modifier key is pressed on the keyboard while this widget has the focus. The event is passed in the event parameter.

See the Drag-and-drop documentation for an overview of how to provide drag-and-drop in your application.

See also QDrag and QDragMoveEvent.

QWidget.dropEvent (self, QDropEvent)

This event handler is called when the drag is dropped on this widget. The event is passed in the event parameter.

See the Drag-and-drop documentation for an overview of how to provide drag-and-drop in your application.

See also QDrag and QDropEvent.

int QWidget.effectiveWinId (self)

Returns the effective window system identifier of the widget, i.e. the native parent's window system identifier.

If the widget is native, this function returns the native widget ID. Otherwise, the window ID of the first native parent widget, i.e., the top-level widget that contains this widget, is returned.

Note: We recommend that you do not store this value as it is likely to change at run-time.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.4.

See also nativeParentWidget().

QWidget.enabledChange (self, bool)

QWidget.ensurePolished (self)

Ensures that the widget has been polished by QStyle (i.e., has a proper font and palette).

QWidget calls this function after it has been fully constructed but before it is shown the very first time. You can call this function if you want to ensure that the widget is polished before doing an operation, e.g., the correct font size might be needed in the widget's sizeHint() reimplementation. Note that this function is called from the default implementation of sizeHint().

Polishing is useful for final initialization that must happen after all constructors (from base classes as well as from subclasses) have been called.

If you need to change some settings when a widget is polished, reimplement event() and handle the QEvent.Polish event type.

Note: The function is declared const so that it can be called from other const functions (e.g., sizeHint()).

See also event().

QWidget.enterEvent (self, QEvent)

This event handler can be reimplemented in a subclass to receive widget enter events which are passed in the event parameter.

An event is sent to the widget when the mouse cursor enters the widget.

See also leaveEvent(), mouseMoveEvent(), and event().

bool QWidget.event (self, QEvent)

Reimplemented from QObject.event().

This is the main event handler; it handles event event. You can reimplement this function in a subclass, but we recommend using one of the specialized event handlers instead.

Key press and release events are treated differently from other events. event() checks for Tab and Shift+Tab and tries to move the focus appropriately. If there is no widget to move the focus to (or the key press is not Tab or Shift+Tab), event() calls keyPressEvent().

Mouse and tablet event handling is also slightly special: only when the widget is enabled, event() will call the specialized handlers such as mousePressEvent(); otherwise it will discard the event.

This function returns true if the event was recognized, otherwise it returns false. If the recognized event was accepted (see QEvent.accepted), any further processing such as event propagation to the parent widget stops.

See also closeEvent(), focusInEvent(), focusOutEvent(), enterEvent(), keyPressEvent(), keyReleaseEvent(), leaveEvent(), mouseDoubleClickEvent(), mouseMoveEvent(), mousePressEvent(), mouseReleaseEvent(), moveEvent(), paintEvent(), resizeEvent(), QObject.event(), and QObject.timerEvent().

QWidget QWidget.find (int)

Returns a pointer to the widget with window identifer/handle id.

The window identifier type depends on the underlying window system, see qwindowdefs.h for the actual definition. If there is no widget with this identifier, 0 is returned.

QWidget.focusInEvent (self, QFocusEvent)

This event handler can be reimplemented in a subclass to receive keyboard focus events (focus received) for the widget. The event is passed in the event parameter

A widget normally must setFocusPolicy() to something other than Qt.NoFocus in order to receive focus events. (Note that the application programmer can call setFocus() on any widget, even those that do not normally accept focus.)

The default implementation updates the widget (except for windows that do not specify a focusPolicy()).

See also focusOutEvent(), setFocusPolicy(), keyPressEvent(), keyReleaseEvent(), event(), and QFocusEvent.

bool QWidget.focusNextChild (self)

Finds a new widget to give the keyboard focus to, as appropriate for Tab, and returns true if it can find a new widget, or false if it can't.

See also focusPreviousChild().

bool QWidget.focusNextPrevChild (self, bool next)

Finds a new widget to give the keyboard focus to, as appropriate for Tab and Shift+Tab, and returns true if it can find a new widget, or false if it can't.

If next is true, this function searches forward, if next is false, it searches backward.

Sometimes, you will want to reimplement this function. For example, a web browser might reimplement it to move its "current active link" forward or backward, and call focusNextPrevChild() only when it reaches the last or first link on the "page".

Child widgets call focusNextPrevChild() on their parent widgets, but only the window that contains the child widgets decides where to redirect focus. By reimplementing this function for an object, you thus gain control of focus traversal for all child widgets.

See also focusNextChild() and focusPreviousChild().

QWidget.focusOutEvent (self, QFocusEvent)

This event handler can be reimplemented in a subclass to receive keyboard focus events (focus lost) for the widget. The events is passed in the event parameter.

A widget normally must setFocusPolicy() to something other than Qt.NoFocus in order to receive focus events. (Note that the application programmer can call setFocus() on any widget, even those that do not normally accept focus.)

The default implementation updates the widget (except for windows that do not specify a focusPolicy()).

See also focusInEvent(), setFocusPolicy(), keyPressEvent(), keyReleaseEvent(), event(), and QFocusEvent.

Qt.FocusPolicy QWidget.focusPolicy (self)

bool QWidget.focusPreviousChild (self)

Finds a new widget to give the keyboard focus to, as appropriate for Shift+Tab, and returns true if it can find a new widget, or false if it can't.

See also focusNextChild().

QWidget QWidget.focusProxy (self)

Returns the focus proxy, or 0 if there is no focus proxy.

See also setFocusProxy().

QWidget QWidget.focusWidget (self)

Returns the last child of this widget that setFocus had been called on. For top level widgets this is the widget that will get focus in case this window gets activated

This is not the same as QApplication.focusWidget(), which returns the focus widget in the currently active window.

QFont QWidget.font (self)

QWidget.fontChange (self, QFont)

QFontInfo QWidget.fontInfo (self)

Returns the font info for the widget's current font. Equivalent to QFontInto(widget->font()).

See also font(), fontMetrics(), and setFont().

QFontMetrics QWidget.fontMetrics (self)

Returns the font metrics for the widget's current font. Equivalent to QFontMetrics(widget->font()).

See also font(), fontInfo(), and setFont().

QPalette.ColorRole QWidget.foregroundRole (self)

Returns the foreground role.

The foreground role defines the color from the widget's palette that is used to draw the foreground.

If no explicit foreground role is set, the function returns a role that contrasts with the background role.

See also setForegroundRole() and backgroundRole().

QRect QWidget.frameGeometry (self)

QSize QWidget.frameSize (self)

QRect QWidget.geometry (self)

(int left, int top, int right, int bottom) QWidget.getContentsMargins (self)

Returns the widget's contents margins for left, top, right, and bottom.

See also setContentsMargins() and contentsRect().

QWidget.grabGesture (self, Qt.GestureType type, Qt.GestureFlags flags = Qt.GestureFlags(0))

Subscribes the widget to a given gesture with specific flags.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.6.

See also ungrabGesture() and QGestureEvent.

QWidget.grabKeyboard (self)

Grabs the keyboard input.

This widget receives all keyboard events until releaseKeyboard() is called; other widgets get no keyboard events at all. Mouse events are not affected. Use grabMouse() if you want to grab that.

The focus widget is not affected, except that it doesn't receive any keyboard events. setFocus() moves the focus as usual, but the new focus widget receives keyboard events only after releaseKeyboard() is called.

If a different widget is currently grabbing keyboard input, that widget's grab is released first.

See also releaseKeyboard(), grabMouse(), releaseMouse(), and focusWidget().

QWidget.grabMouse (self)

Grabs the mouse input.

This widget receives all mouse events until releaseMouse() is called; other widgets get no mouse events at all. Keyboard events are not affected. Use grabKeyboard() if you want to grab that.

Warning: Bugs in mouse-grabbing applications very often lock the terminal. Use this function with extreme caution, and consider using the -nograb command line option while debugging.

It is almost never necessary to grab the mouse when using Qt, as Qt grabs and releases it sensibly. In particular, Qt grabs the mouse when a mouse button is pressed and keeps it until the last button is released.

Note: Only visible widgets can grab mouse input. If isVisible() returns false for a widget, that widget cannot call grabMouse().

Note: (Mac OS X developers) For Cocoa, calling grabMouse() on a widget only works when the mouse is inside the frame of that widget. For Carbon, it works outside the widget's frame as well, like for Windows and X11.

See also releaseMouse(), grabKeyboard(), and releaseKeyboard().

QWidget.grabMouse (self, QCursor)

This function overloads grabMouse().

Grabs the mouse input and changes the cursor shape.

The cursor will assume shape cursor (for as long as the mouse focus is grabbed) and this widget will be the only one to receive mouse events until releaseMouse() is called().

Warning: Grabbing the mouse might lock the terminal.

Note: (Mac OS X developers) See the note in QWidget.grabMouse().

See also releaseMouse(), grabKeyboard(), releaseKeyboard(), and setCursor().

int QWidget.grabShortcut (self, QKeySequence key, Qt.ShortcutContext context = Qt.WindowShortcut)

Adds a shortcut to Qt's shortcut system that watches for the given key sequence in the given context. If the context is Qt.ApplicationShortcut, the shortcut applies to the application as a whole. Otherwise, it is either local to this widget, Qt.WidgetShortcut, or to the window itself, Qt.WindowShortcut.

If the same key sequence has been grabbed by several widgets, when the key sequence occurs a QEvent.Shortcut event is sent to all the widgets to which it applies in a non-deterministic order, but with the ``ambiguous'' flag set to true.

Warning: You should not normally need to use this function; instead create QActions with the shortcut key sequences you require (if you also want equivalent menu options and toolbar buttons), or create QShortcuts if you just need key sequences. Both QAction and QShortcut handle all the event filtering for you, and provide signals which are triggered when the user triggers the key sequence, so are much easier to use than this low-level function.

See also releaseShortcut() and setShortcutEnabled().

QGraphicsEffect QWidget.graphicsEffect (self)

The graphicsEffect function returns a pointer to the widget's graphics effect.

If the widget has no graphics effect, 0 is returned.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.6.

See also setGraphicsEffect().

QGraphicsProxyWidget QWidget.graphicsProxyWidget (self)

Returns the proxy widget for the corresponding embedded widget in a graphics view; otherwise returns 0.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.5.

See also QGraphicsProxyWidget.createProxyForChildWidget() and QGraphicsScene.addWidget().

int QWidget.handle (self)

bool QWidget.hasFocus (self)

bool QWidget.hasMouseTracking (self)

int QWidget.height (self)

int QWidget.heightForWidth (self, int)

Returns the preferred height for this widget, given the width w.

If this widget has a layout, the default implementation returns the layout's preferred height. if there is no layout, the default implementation returns -1 indicating that the preferred height does not depend on the width.

QWidget.hide (self)

This method is also a Qt slot with the C++ signature void hide().

Hides the widget. This function is equivalent to setVisible(false).

Note: If you are working with QDialog or its subclasses and you invoke the show() function after this function, the dialog will be displayed in its original position.

See also hideEvent(), isHidden(), show(), setVisible(), isVisible(), and close().

QWidget.hideEvent (self, QHideEvent)

This event handler can be reimplemented in a subclass to receive widget hide events. The event is passed in the event parameter.

Hide events are sent to widgets immediately after they have been hidden.

Note: A widget receives spontaneous show and hide events when its mapping status is changed by the window system, e.g. a spontaneous hide event when the user minimizes the window, and a spontaneous show event when the window is restored again. After receiving a spontaneous hide event, a widget is still considered visible in the sense of isVisible().

See also visible, event(), and QHideEvent.

QInputContext QWidget.inputContext (self)

This function returns the QInputContext for this widget. By default the input context is inherited from the widgets parent. For toplevels it is inherited from QApplication.

You can override this and set a special input context for this widget by using the setInputContext() method.

See also setInputContext().

QWidget.inputMethodEvent (self, QInputMethodEvent)

This event handler, for event event, can be reimplemented in a subclass to receive Input Method composition events. This handler is called when the state of the input method changes.

Note that when creating custom text editing widgets, the Qt.WA_InputMethodEnabled window attribute must be set explicitly (using the setAttribute() function) in order to receive input method events.

The default implementation calls event->ignore(), which rejects the Input Method event. See the QInputMethodEvent documentation for more details.

See also event() and QInputMethodEvent.

Qt.InputMethodHints QWidget.inputMethodHints (self)

QVariant QWidget.inputMethodQuery (self, Qt.InputMethodQuery)

This method is only relevant for input widgets. It is used by the input method to query a set of properties of the widget to be able to support complex input method operations as support for surrounding text and reconversions.

query specifies which property is queried.

See also inputMethodEvent(), QInputMethodEvent, QInputContext, and inputMethodHints.

QWidget.insertAction (self, QAction before, QAction action)

Inserts the action action to this widget's list of actions, before the action before. It appends the action if before is 0 or before is not a valid action for this widget.

A QWidget should only have one of each action.

See also removeAction(), addAction(), QMenu, contextMenuPolicy, and actions().

QWidget.insertActions (self, QAction before, unknown-type actions)

Inserts the actions actions to this widget's list of actions, before the action before. It appends the action if before is 0 or before is not a valid action for this widget.

A QWidget can have at most one of each action.

See also removeAction(), QMenu, insertAction(), and contextMenuPolicy.

bool QWidget.isActiveWindow (self)

bool QWidget.isAncestorOf (self, QWidget child)

Returns true if this widget is a parent, (or grandparent and so on to any level), of the given child, and both widgets are within the same window; otherwise returns false.

bool QWidget.isEnabled (self)

bool QWidget.isEnabledTo (self, QWidget)

Returns true if this widget would become enabled if ancestor is enabled; otherwise returns false.

This is the case if neither the widget itself nor every parent up to but excluding ancestor has been explicitly disabled.

isEnabledTo(0) is equivalent to isEnabled().

See also setEnabled() and enabled.

bool QWidget.isEnabledToTLW (self)

bool QWidget.isFullScreen (self)

bool QWidget.isHidden (self)

Returns true if the widget is hidden, otherwise returns false.

A hidden widget will only become visible when show() is called on it. It will not be automatically shown when the parent is shown.

To check visibility, use !isVisible() instead (notice the exclamation mark).

isHidden() implies !isVisible(), but a widget can be not visible and not hidden at the same time. This is the case for widgets that are children of widgets that are not visible.

Widgets are hidden if:

bool QWidget.isLeftToRight (self)

bool QWidget.isMaximized (self)

bool QWidget.isMinimized (self)

bool QWidget.isModal (self)

bool QWidget.isRightToLeft (self)

bool QWidget.isTopLevel (self)

bool QWidget.isVisible (self)

bool QWidget.isVisibleTo (self, QWidget)

Returns true if this widget would become visible if ancestor is shown; otherwise returns false.

The true case occurs if neither the widget itself nor any parent up to but excluding ancestor has been explicitly hidden.

This function will still return true if the widget is obscured by other windows on the screen, but could be physically visible if it or they were to be moved.

isVisibleTo(0) is identical to isVisible().

See also show(), hide(), and isVisible().

bool QWidget.isWindow (self)

Returns true if the widget is an independent window, otherwise returns false.

A window is a widget that isn't visually the child of any other widget and that usually has a frame and a window title.

A window can have a parent widget. It will then be grouped with its parent and deleted when the parent is deleted, minimized when the parent is minimized etc. If supported by the window manager, it will also have a common taskbar entry with its parent.

QDialog and QMainWindow widgets are by default windows, even if a parent widget is specified in the constructor. This behavior is specified by the Qt.Window flag.

See also window(), isModal(), and parentWidget().

bool QWidget.isWindowModified (self)

QWidget QWidget.keyboardGrabber ()

Returns the widget that is currently grabbing the keyboard input.

If no widget in this application is currently grabbing the keyboard, 0 is returned.

See also grabMouse() and mouseGrabber().

QWidget.keyPressEvent (self, QKeyEvent)

This event handler, for event event, can be reimplemented in a subclass to receive key press events for the widget.

A widget must call setFocusPolicy() to accept focus initially and have focus in order to receive a key press event.

If you reimplement this handler, it is very important that you call the base class implementation if you do not act upon the key.

The default implementation closes popup widgets if the user presses Esc. Otherwise the event is ignored, so that the widget's parent can interpret it.

Note that QKeyEvent starts with isAccepted() == true, so you do not need to call QKeyEvent.accept() - just do not call the base class implementation if you act upon the key.

See also keyReleaseEvent(), setFocusPolicy(), focusInEvent(), focusOutEvent(), event(), QKeyEvent, and Tetrix Example.

QWidget.keyReleaseEvent (self, QKeyEvent)

This event handler, for event event, can be reimplemented in a subclass to receive key release events for the widget.

A widget must accept focus initially and have focus in order to receive a key release event.

If you reimplement this handler, it is very important that you call the base class implementation if you do not act upon the key.

The default implementation ignores the event, so that the widget's parent can interpret it.

Note that QKeyEvent starts with isAccepted() == true, so you do not need to call QKeyEvent.accept() - just do not call the base class implementation if you act upon the key.

See also keyPressEvent(), QKeyEvent.ignore(), setFocusPolicy(), focusInEvent(), focusOutEvent(), event(), and QKeyEvent.

QWidget.languageChange (self)

QLayout QWidget.layout (self)

Returns the layout manager that is installed on this widget, or 0 if no layout manager is installed.

The layout manager sets the geometry of the widget's children that have been added to the layout.

See also setLayout(), sizePolicy(), and Layout Management.

Qt.LayoutDirection QWidget.layoutDirection (self)

QWidget.leaveEvent (self, QEvent)

This event handler can be reimplemented in a subclass to receive widget leave events which are passed in the event parameter.

A leave event is sent to the widget when the mouse cursor leaves the widget.

See also enterEvent(), mouseMoveEvent(), and event().

QLocale QWidget.locale (self)

QWidget.lower (self)

This method is also a Qt slot with the C++ signature void lower().

Lowers the widget to the bottom of the parent widget's stack.

After this call the widget will be visually behind (and therefore obscured by) any overlapping sibling widgets.

See also raise_() and stackUnder().

QPoint QWidget.mapFrom (self, QWidget, QPoint)

Translates the widget coordinate pos from the coordinate system of parent to this widget's coordinate system. The parent must not be 0 and must be a parent of the calling widget.

See also mapTo(), mapFromParent(), mapFromGlobal(), and underMouse().

QPoint QWidget.mapFromGlobal (self, QPoint)

Translates the global screen coordinate pos to widget coordinates.

See also mapToGlobal(), mapFrom(), and mapFromParent().

QPoint QWidget.mapFromParent (self, QPoint)

Translates the parent widget coordinate pos to widget coordinates.

Same as mapFromGlobal() if the widget has no parent.

See also mapToParent(), mapFrom(), mapFromGlobal(), and underMouse().

QPoint QWidget.mapTo (self, QWidget, QPoint)

Translates the widget coordinate pos to the coordinate system of parent. The parent must not be 0 and must be a parent of the calling widget.

See also mapFrom(), mapToParent(), mapToGlobal(), and underMouse().

QPoint QWidget.mapToGlobal (self, QPoint)

Translates the widget coordinate pos to global screen coordinates. For example, mapToGlobal(QPoint(0,0)) would give the global coordinates of the top-left pixel of the widget.

See also mapFromGlobal(), mapTo(), and mapToParent().

QPoint QWidget.mapToParent (self, QPoint)

Translates the widget coordinate pos to a coordinate in the parent widget.

Same as mapToGlobal() if the widget has no parent.

See also mapFromParent(), mapTo(), mapToGlobal(), and underMouse().

QRegion QWidget.mask (self)

Returns the mask currently set on a widget. If no mask is set the return value will be an empty region.

See also setMask(), clearMask(), QRegion.isEmpty(), and Shaped Clock Example.

int QWidget.maximumHeight (self)

QSize QWidget.maximumSize (self)

int QWidget.maximumWidth (self)

int QWidget.metric (self, QPaintDevice.PaintDeviceMetric)

Reimplemented from QPaintDevice.metric().

Internal implementation of the virtual QPaintDevice.metric() function.

m is the metric to get.

int QWidget.minimumHeight (self)

QSize QWidget.minimumSize (self)

QSize QWidget.minimumSizeHint (self)

int QWidget.minimumWidth (self)

QWidget.mouseDoubleClickEvent (self, QMouseEvent)

This event handler, for event event, can be reimplemented in a subclass to receive mouse double click events for the widget.

The default implementation generates a normal mouse press event.

Note: The widget will also receive mouse press and mouse release events in addition to the double click event. It is up to the developer to ensure that the application interprets these events correctly.

See also mousePressEvent(), mouseReleaseEvent(), mouseMoveEvent(), event(), and QMouseEvent.

QWidget QWidget.mouseGrabber ()

Returns the widget that is currently grabbing the mouse input.

If no widget in this application is currently grabbing the mouse, 0 is returned.

See also grabMouse() and keyboardGrabber().

QWidget.mouseMoveEvent (self, QMouseEvent)

This event handler, for event event, can be reimplemented in a subclass to receive mouse move events for the widget.

If mouse tracking is switched off, mouse move events only occur if a mouse button is pressed while the mouse is being moved. If mouse tracking is switched on, mouse move events occur even if no mouse button is pressed.

QMouseEvent.pos() reports the position of the mouse cursor, relative to this widget. For press and release events, the position is usually the same as the position of the last mouse move event, but it might be different if the user's hand shakes. This is a feature of the underlying window system, not Qt.

If you want to show a tooltip immediately, while the mouse is moving (e.g., to get the mouse coordinates with QMouseEvent.pos() and show them as a tooltip), you must first enable mouse tracking as described above. Then, to ensure that the tooltip is updated immediately, you must call QToolTip.showText() instead of setToolTip() in your implementation of mouseMoveEvent().

See also setMouseTracking(), mousePressEvent(), mouseReleaseEvent(), mouseDoubleClickEvent(), event(), QMouseEvent, and Scribble Example.

QWidget.mousePressEvent (self, QMouseEvent)

This event handler, for event event, can be reimplemented in a subclass to receive mouse press events for the widget.

If you create new widgets in the mousePressEvent() the mouseReleaseEvent() may not end up where you expect, depending on the underlying window system (or X11 window manager), the widgets' location and maybe more.

The default implementation implements the closing of popup widgets when you click outside the window. For other widget types it does nothing.

See also mouseReleaseEvent(), mouseDoubleClickEvent(), mouseMoveEvent(), event(), QMouseEvent, and Scribble Example.

QWidget.mouseReleaseEvent (self, QMouseEvent)

This event handler, for event event, can be reimplemented in a subclass to receive mouse release events for the widget.

See also mousePressEvent(), mouseDoubleClickEvent(), mouseMoveEvent(), event(), QMouseEvent, and Scribble Example.

QWidget.move (self, QPoint)

QWidget.move (self, int ax, int ay)

QWidget.moveEvent (self, QMoveEvent)

This event handler can be reimplemented in a subclass to receive widget move events which are passed in the event parameter. When the widget receives this event, it is already at the new position.

The old position is accessible through QMoveEvent.oldPos().

See also resizeEvent(), event(), move(), and QMoveEvent.

QWidget QWidget.nativeParentWidget (self)

Returns the native parent for this widget, i.e. the next ancestor widget that has a system identifier, or 0 if it does not have any native parent.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.4.

See also effectiveWinId().

QWidget QWidget.nextInFocusChain (self)

Returns the next widget in this widget's focus chain.

See also previousInFocusChain().

QRect QWidget.normalGeometry (self)

QWidget.overrideWindowFlags (self, Qt.WindowFlags type)

Sets the window flags for the widget to flags, without telling the window system.

Warning: Do not call this function unless you really know what you're doing.

See also setWindowFlags().

QWidget.overrideWindowState (self, Qt.WindowStates state)

QPaintEngine QWidget.paintEngine (self)

Reimplemented from QPaintDevice.paintEngine().

Returns the widget's paint engine.

Note that this function should not be called explicitly by the user, since it's meant for reimplementation purposes only. The function is called by Qt internally, and the default implementation may not always return a valid pointer.

QWidget.paintEvent (self, QPaintEvent)

This event handler can be reimplemented in a subclass to receive paint events passed in event.

A paint event is a request to repaint all or part of a widget. It can happen for one of the following reasons:

Many widgets can simply repaint their entire surface when asked to, but some slow widgets need to optimize by painting only the requested region: QPaintEvent.region(). This speed optimization does not change the result, as painting is clipped to that region during event processing. QListView and QTableView do this, for example.

Qt also tries to speed up painting by merging multiple paint events into one. When update() is called several times or the window system sends several paint events, Qt merges these events into one event with a larger region (see QRegion.united()). The repaint() function does not permit this optimization, so we suggest using update() whenever possible.

When the paint event occurs, the update region has normally been erased, so you are painting on the widget's background.

The background can be set using setBackgroundRole() and setPalette().

Since Qt 4.0, QWidget automatically double-buffers its painting, so there is no need to write double-buffering code in paintEvent() to avoid flicker.

Note for the X11 platform: It is possible to toggle global double buffering by calling qt_x11_set_global_double_buffer(). For example,

 ...
 extern void qt_x11_set_global_double_buffer(bool);
 qt_x11_set_global_double_buffer(false);
 ...

Note: Generally, you should refrain from calling update() or repaint() inside a paintEvent(). For example, calling update() or repaint() on children inside a paintevent() results in undefined behavior; the child may or may not get a paint event.

Warning: If you are using a custom paint engine without Qt's backingstore, Qt.WA_PaintOnScreen must be set. Otherwise, QWidget.paintEngine() will never be called; the backingstore will be used instead.

See also event(), repaint(), update(), QPainter, QPixmap, QPaintEvent, and Analog Clock Example.

QPalette QWidget.palette (self)

QWidget.paletteChange (self, QPalette)

QWidget QWidget.parentWidget (self)

Returns the parent of this widget, or 0 if it does not have any parent widget.

QPoint QWidget.pos (self)

QWidget QWidget.previousInFocusChain (self)

The previousInFocusChain function returns the previous widget in this widget's focus chain.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.6.

See also nextInFocusChain().

QWidget.raise_ (self)

This method is also a Qt slot with the C++ signature void raise().

Raises this widget to the top of the parent widget's stack.

After this call the widget will be visually in front of any overlapping sibling widgets.

Note: When using activateWindow(), you can call this function to ensure that the window is stacked on top.

See also lower() and stackUnder().

QRect QWidget.rect (self)

QWidget.releaseKeyboard (self)

Releases the keyboard grab.

See also grabKeyboard(), grabMouse(), and releaseMouse().

QWidget.releaseMouse (self)

Releases the mouse grab.

See also grabMouse(), grabKeyboard(), and releaseKeyboard().

QWidget.releaseShortcut (self, int id)

Removes the shortcut with the given id from Qt's shortcut system. The widget will no longer receive QEvent.Shortcut events for the shortcut's key sequence (unless it has other shortcuts with the same key sequence).

Warning: You should not normally need to use this function since Qt's shortcut system removes shortcuts automatically when their parent widget is destroyed. It is best to use QAction or QShortcut to handle shortcuts, since they are easier to use than this low-level function. Note also that this is an expensive operation.

See also grabShortcut() and setShortcutEnabled().

QWidget.removeAction (self, QAction action)

Removes the action action from this widget's list of actions.

See also insertAction(), actions(), and insertAction().

QWidget.render (self, QPaintDevice target, QPoint targetOffset = QPoint(), QRegion sourceRegion = QRegion(), RenderFlags flags = QWidget.DrawWindowBackground|QWidget.DrawChildren)

Renders the sourceRegion of this widget into the target using renderFlags to determine how to render. Rendering starts at targetOffset in the target. For example:

 QPixmap pixmap(widget->size());
 widget->render(&pixmap);

If sourceRegion is a null region, this function will use QWidget.rect() as the region, i.e. the entire widget.

Ensure that you call QPainter.end() for the target device's active painter (if any) before rendering. For example:

 QPainter painter(this);
 ...
 painter.end();
 myWidget->render(this);

Note: To obtain the contents of an OpenGL widget, use QGLWidget.grabFrameBuffer() or QGLWidget.renderPixmap() instead.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.3.

QWidget.render (self, QPainter painter, QPoint targetOffset = QPoint(), QRegion sourceRegion = QRegion(), RenderFlags flags = QWidget.DrawWindowBackground|QWidget.DrawChildren)

This is an overloaded function.

Renders the widget into the painter's QPainter.device().

Transformations and settings applied to the painter will be used when rendering.

Note: The painter must be active. On Mac OS X the widget will be rendered into a QPixmap and then drawn by the painter.

See also QPainter.device().

QWidget.repaint (self)

This method is also a Qt slot with the C++ signature void repaint().

Repaints the widget directly by calling paintEvent() immediately, unless updates are disabled or the widget is hidden.

We suggest only using repaint() if you need an immediate repaint, for example during animation. In almost all circumstances update() is better, as it permits Qt to optimize for speed and minimize flicker.

Warning: If you call repaint() in a function which may itself be called from paintEvent(), you may get infinite recursion. The update() function never causes recursion.

See also update(), paintEvent(), and setUpdatesEnabled().

QWidget.repaint (self, int x, int y, int w, int h)

QWidget.repaint (self, QRect)

QWidget.repaint (self, QRegion)

QWidget.resetInputContext (self)

QWidget.resize (self, QSize)

QWidget.resize (self, int w, int h)

QWidget.resizeEvent (self, QResizeEvent)

This event handler can be reimplemented in a subclass to receive widget resize events which are passed in the event parameter. When resizeEvent() is called, the widget already has its new geometry. The old size is accessible through QResizeEvent.oldSize().

The widget will be erased and receive a paint event immediately after processing the resize event. No drawing need be (or should be) done inside this handler.

See also moveEvent(), event(), resize(), QResizeEvent, paintEvent(), and Scribble Example.

bool QWidget.restoreGeometry (self, QByteArray geometry)

Restores the geometry and state top-level widgets stored in the byte array geometry. Returns true on success; otherwise returns false.

If the restored geometry is off-screen, it will be modified to be inside the available screen geometry.

To restore geometry saved using QSettings, you can use code like this:

 QSettings settings("MyCompany", "MyApp");
 myWidget->restoreGeometry(settings.value("myWidget/geometry").toByteArray());

See the Window Geometry documentation for an overview of geometry issues with windows.

Use QMainWindow.restoreState() to restore the geometry and the state of toolbars and dock widgets.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.2.

See also saveGeometry(), QSettings, QMainWindow.saveState(), and QMainWindow.restoreState().

QByteArray QWidget.saveGeometry (self)

Saves the current geometry and state for top-level widgets.

To save the geometry when the window closes, you can implement a close event like this:

 void MyWidget.closeEvent(QCloseEvent *event)
 {
     QSettings settings("MyCompany", "MyApp");
     settings.setValue("geometry", saveGeometry());
     QWidget.closeEvent(event);
 }

See the Window Geometry documentation for an overview of geometry issues with windows.

Use QMainWindow.saveState() to save the geometry and the state of toolbars and dock widgets.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.2.

See also restoreGeometry(), QMainWindow.saveState(), and QMainWindow.restoreState().

QWidget.scroll (self, int dx, int dy)

Scrolls the widget including its children dx pixels to the right and dy downward. Both dx and dy may be negative.

After scrolling, the widgets will receive paint events for the areas that need to be repainted. For widgets that Qt knows to be opaque, this is only the newly exposed parts. For example, if an opaque widget is scrolled 8 pixels to the left, only an 8-pixel wide stripe at the right edge needs updating.

Since widgets propagate the contents of their parents by default, you need to set the autoFillBackground property, or use setAttribute() to set the Qt.WA_OpaquePaintEvent attribute, to make a widget opaque.

For widgets that use contents propagation, a scroll will cause an update of the entire scroll area.

See also Transparency and Double Buffering.

QWidget.scroll (self, int dx, int dy, QRect)

This is an overloaded function.

This version only scrolls r and does not move the children of the widget.

If r is empty or invalid, the result is undefined.

See also QScrollArea.

QWidget.setAcceptDrops (self, bool on)

QWidget.setAccessibleDescription (self, QString description)

QWidget.setAccessibleName (self, QString name)

QWidget.setAttribute (self, Qt.WidgetAttribute attribute, bool on = True)

Sets the attribute attribute on this widget if on is true; otherwise clears the attribute.

See also testAttribute().

QWidget.setAutoFillBackground (self, bool enabled)

QWidget.setBackgroundRole (self, QPalette.ColorRole)

Sets the background role of the widget to role.

The background role defines the brush from the widget's palette that is used to render the background.

If role is QPalette.NoRole, then the widget inherits its parent's background role.

Note that styles are free to choose any color from the palette. You can modify the palette or set a style sheet if you don't achieve the result you want with setBackgroundRole().

See also backgroundRole() and foregroundRole().

QWidget.setBaseSize (self, int basew, int baseh)

QWidget.setBaseSize (self, QSize s)

QWidget.setContentsMargins (self, int left, int top, int right, int bottom)

Sets the margins around the contents of the widget to have the sizes left, top, right, and bottom. The margins are used by the layout system, and may be used by subclasses to specify the area to draw in (e.g. excluding the frame).

Changing the margins will trigger a resizeEvent().

See also contentsMargins(), contentsRect(), and getContentsMargins().

QWidget.setContentsMargins (self, QMargins margins)

This is an overloaded function.

The setContentsMargins function sets the margins around the widget's contents.

Sets the margins around the contents of the widget to have the sizes determined by margins. The margins are used by the layout system, and may be used by subclasses to specify the area to draw in (e.g. excluding the frame).

Changing the margins will trigger a resizeEvent().

This function was introduced in Qt 4.6.

See also contentsRect() and getContentsMargins().

QWidget.setContextMenuPolicy (self, Qt.ContextMenuPolicy policy)

QWidget.setCursor (self, QCursor)

QWidget.setDisabled (self, bool)

This method is also a Qt slot with the C++ signature void setDisabled(bool).

Disables widget input events if disable is true; otherwise enables input events.

See the enabled documentation for more information.

See also isEnabledTo(), QKeyEvent, QMouseEvent, and changeEvent().

QWidget.setEnabled (self, bool)

This method is also a Qt slot with the C++ signature void setEnabled(bool).

QWidget.setFixedHeight (self, int h)

Sets both the minimum and maximum heights of the widget to h without changing the widths. Provided for convenience.

See also sizeHint(), minimumSize(), maximumSize(), and setFixedSize().

QWidget.setFixedSize (self, QSize)

Sets both the minimum and maximum sizes of the widget to s, thereby preventing it from ever growing or shrinking.

This will override the default size constraints set by QLayout.

To remove constraints, set the size to QWIDGETSIZE_MAX.

Alternatively, if you want the widget to have a fixed size based on its contents, you can call QLayout.setSizeConstraint(QLayout.SetFixedSize);

See also maximumSize and minimumSize.

QWidget.setFixedSize (self, int w, int h)

This is an overloaded function.

Sets the width of the widget to w and the height to h.

QWidget.setFixedWidth (self, int w)

Sets both the minimum and maximum width of the widget to w without changing the heights. Provided for convenience.

See also sizeHint(), minimumSize(), maximumSize(), and setFixedSize().

QWidget.setFocus (self)

This method is also a Qt slot with the C++ signature void setFocus().

Gives the keyboard input focus to this widget (or its focus proxy) if this widget or one of its parents is the active window. The reason argument will be passed into any focus event sent from this function, it is used to give an explanation of what caused the widget to get focus. If the window is not active, the widget will be given the focus when the window becomes active.

First, a focus out event is sent to the focus widget (if any) to tell it that it is about to lose the focus. Then a focus in event is sent to this widget to tell it that it just received the focus. (Nothing happens if the focus in and focus out widgets are the same.)

Note: On embedded platforms, setFocus() will not cause an input panel to be opened by the input method. If you want this to happen, you have to send a QEvent.RequestSoftwareInputPanel event to the widget yourself.

setFocus() gives focus to a widget regardless of its focus policy, but does not clear any keyboard grab (see grabKeyboard()).

Be aware that if the widget is hidden, it will not accept focus until it is shown.

Warning: If you call setFocus() in a function which may itself be called from focusOutEvent() or focusInEvent(), you may get an infinite recursion.

See also hasFocus(), clearFocus(), focusInEvent(), focusOutEvent(), setFocusPolicy(), focusWidget(), QApplication.focusWidget(), grabKeyboard(), grabMouse(), Keyboard Focus, and QEvent.RequestSoftwareInputPanel.

QWidget.setFocus (self, Qt.FocusReason reason)

This is an overloaded function.

Gives the keyboard input focus to this widget (or its focus proxy) if this widget or one of its parents is the active window.

QWidget.setFocusPolicy (self, Qt.FocusPolicy policy)

QWidget.setFocusProxy (self, QWidget)

Sets the widget's focus proxy to widget w. If w is 0, the function resets this widget to have no focus proxy.

Some widgets can "have focus", but create a child widget, such as QLineEdit, to actually handle the focus. In this case, the widget can set the line edit to be its focus proxy.

setFocusProxy() sets the widget which will actually get focus when "this widget" gets it. If there is a focus proxy, setFocus() and hasFocus() operate on the focus proxy.

See also focusProxy().

QWidget.setFont (self, QFont)

QWidget.setForegroundRole (self, QPalette.ColorRole)

Sets the foreground role of the widget to role.

The foreground role defines the color from the widget's palette that is used to draw the foreground.

If role is QPalette.NoRole, the widget uses a foreground role that contrasts with the background role.

Note that styles are free to choose any color from the palette. You can modify the palette or set a style sheet if you don't achieve the result you want with setForegroundRole().

See also foregroundRole() and backgroundRole().

QWidget.setGeometry (self, QRect)

QWidget.setGeometry (self, int ax, int ay, int aw, int ah)

QWidget.setGraphicsEffect (self, QGraphicsEffect effect)

The effect argument has it's ownership transferred to Qt.

The setGraphicsEffect function is for setting the widget's graphics effect.

Sets effect as the widget's effect. If there already is an effect installed on this widget, QWidget will delete the existing effect before installing the new effect.

If effect is the installed on a different widget, setGraphicsEffect() will remove the effect from the widget and install it on this widget.

QWidget takes ownership of effect.

Note: This function will apply the effect on itself and all its children.

Note: Graphics effects are not supported on Mac, so they will not cause any difference to the rendering of the widget.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.6.

See also graphicsEffect().

QWidget.setHidden (self, bool hidden)

This method is also a Qt slot with the C++ signature void setHidden(bool).

Convenience function, equivalent to setVisible(!hidden).

See also isHidden().

QWidget.setInputContext (self, QInputContext)

The QInputContext argument has it's ownership transferred to Qt.

This function sets the input context context on this widget.

Qt takes ownership of the given input context.

See also inputContext().

QWidget.setInputMethodHints (self, Qt.InputMethodHints hints)

QWidget.setLayout (self, QLayout)

The QLayout argument has it's ownership transferred to Qt.

Sets the layout manager for this widget to layout.

If there already is a layout manager installed on this widget, QWidget won't let you install another. You must first delete the existing layout manager (returned by layout()) before you can call setLayout() with the new layout.

If layout is the layout manger on a different widget, setLayout() will reparent the layout and make it the layout manager for this widget.

Example:

     QVBoxLayout *layout = new QVBoxLayout;
     layout->addWidget(formWidget);
     setLayout(layout);

An alternative to calling this function is to pass this widget to the layout's constructor.

The QWidget will take ownership of layout.

See also layout() and Layout Management.

QWidget.setLayoutDirection (self, Qt.LayoutDirection direction)

QWidget.setLocale (self, QLocale locale)

QWidget.setMask (self, QBitmap)

Causes only the pixels of the widget for which bitmap has a corresponding 1 bit to be visible. If the region includes pixels outside the rect() of the widget, window system controls in that area may or may not be visible, depending on the platform.

Note that this effect can be slow if the region is particularly complex.

The following code shows how an image with an alpha channel can be used to generate a mask for a widget:

     QLabel topLevelLabel;
     QPixmap pixmap(":/images/tux.png");
     topLevelLabel.setPixmap(pixmap);
     topLevelLabel.setMask(pixmap.mask());

The label shown by this code is masked using the image it contains, giving the appearance that an irregularly-shaped image is being drawn directly onto the screen.

Masked widgets receive mouse events only on their visible portions.

See also mask(), clearMask(), windowOpacity(), and Shaped Clock Example.

QWidget.setMask (self, QRegion)

This is an overloaded function.

Causes only the parts of the widget which overlap region to be visible. If the region includes pixels outside the rect() of the widget, window system controls in that area may or may not be visible, depending on the platform.

Note that this effect can be slow if the region is particularly complex.

See also windowOpacity.

QWidget.setMaximumHeight (self, int maxh)

QWidget.setMaximumSize (self, int maxw, int maxh)

QWidget.setMaximumSize (self, QSize s)

QWidget.setMaximumWidth (self, int maxw)

QWidget.setMinimumHeight (self, int minh)

QWidget.setMinimumSize (self, int minw, int minh)

QWidget.setMinimumSize (self, QSize s)

QWidget.setMinimumWidth (self, int minw)

QWidget.setMouseTracking (self, bool enable)

QWidget.setPalette (self, QPalette)

QWidget.setParent (self, QWidget parent)

The parent argument, if not None, causes self to be owned by Qt instead of PyQt.

Sets the parent of the widget to parent, and resets the window flags. The widget is moved to position (0, 0) in its new parent.

If the new parent widget is in a different window, the reparented widget and its children are appended to the end of the tab chain of the new parent widget, in the same internal order as before. If one of the moved widgets had keyboard focus, setParent() calls clearFocus() for that widget.

If the new parent widget is in the same window as the old parent, setting the parent doesn't change the tab order or keyboard focus.

If the "new" parent widget is the old parent widget, this function does nothing.

Note: The widget becomes invisible as part of changing its parent, even if it was previously visible. You must call show() to make the widget visible again.

Warning: It is very unlikely that you will ever need this function. If you have a widget that changes its content dynamically, it is far easier to use QStackedWidget.

See also setWindowFlags().

QWidget.setParent (self, QWidget parent, Qt.WindowFlags f)

The parent argument, if not None, causes self to be owned by Qt instead of PyQt.

This is an overloaded function.

This function also takes widget flags, f as an argument.

QWidget.setShortcutAutoRepeat (self, int id, bool enabled = True)

If enable is true, auto repeat of the shortcut with the given id is enabled; otherwise it is disabled.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.2.

See also grabShortcut() and releaseShortcut().

QWidget.setShortcutEnabled (self, int id, bool enabled = True)

If enable is true, the shortcut with the given id is enabled; otherwise the shortcut is disabled.

Warning: You should not normally need to use this function since Qt's shortcut system enables/disables shortcuts automatically as widgets become hidden/visible and gain or lose focus. It is best to use QAction or QShortcut to handle shortcuts, since they are easier to use than this low-level function.

See also grabShortcut() and releaseShortcut().

QWidget.setShown (self, bool shown)

This method is also a Qt slot with the C++ signature void setShown(bool).

QWidget.setSizeIncrement (self, int w, int h)

QWidget.setSizeIncrement (self, QSize s)

QWidget.setSizePolicy (self, QSizePolicy)

QWidget.setSizePolicy (self, QSizePolicy.Policy hor, QSizePolicy.Policy ver)

QWidget.setStatusTip (self, QString)

QWidget.setStyle (self, QStyle)

Sets the widget's GUI style to style. The ownership of the style object is not transferred.

If no style is set, the widget uses the application's style, QApplication.style() instead.

Setting a widget's style has no effect on existing or future child widgets.

Warning: This function is particularly useful for demonstration purposes, where you want to show Qt's styling capabilities. Real applications should avoid it and use one consistent GUI style instead.

Warning: Qt style sheets are currently not supported for custom QStyle subclasses. We plan to address this in some future release.

See also style(), QStyle, QApplication.style(), and QApplication.setStyle().

QWidget.setStyleSheet (self, QString styleSheet)

QWidget.setTabOrder (QWidget, QWidget)

Puts the second widget after the first widget in the focus order.

Note that since the tab order of the second widget is changed, you should order a chain like this:

 setTabOrder(a, b); // a to b
 setTabOrder(b, c); // a to b to c
 setTabOrder(c, d); // a to b to c to d

not like this:

 // WRONG
 setTabOrder(c, d); // c to d
 setTabOrder(a, b); // a to b AND c to d
 setTabOrder(b, c); // a to b to c, but not c to d

If first or second has a focus proxy, setTabOrder() correctly substitutes the proxy.

See also setFocusPolicy(), setFocusProxy(), and Keyboard Focus.

QWidget.setToolTip (self, QString)

QWidget.setUpdatesEnabled (self, bool enable)

QWidget.setVisible (self, bool visible)

This method is also a Qt slot with the C++ signature void setVisible(bool).

QWidget.setWhatsThis (self, QString)

QWidget.setWindowFilePath (self, QString filePath)

QWidget.setWindowFlags (self, Qt.WindowFlags type)

QWidget.setWindowIcon (self, QIcon icon)

QWidget.setWindowIconText (self, QString)

QWidget.setWindowModality (self, Qt.WindowModality windowModality)

QWidget.setWindowModified (self, bool)

This method is also a Qt slot with the C++ signature void setWindowModified(bool).

QWidget.setWindowOpacity (self, float level)

QWidget.setWindowRole (self, QString)

Sets the window's role to role. This only makes sense for windows on X11.

See also windowRole().

QWidget.setWindowState (self, Qt.WindowStates state)

Sets the window state to windowState. The window state is a OR'ed combination of Qt.WindowState: Qt.WindowMinimized, Qt.WindowMaximized, Qt.WindowFullScreen, and Qt.WindowActive.

If the window is not visible (i.e. isVisible() returns false), the window state will take effect when show() is called. For visible windows, the change is immediate. For example, to toggle between full-screen and normal mode, use the following code:

 w->setWindowState(w->windowState() ^ Qt.WindowFullScreen);

In order to restore and activate a minimized window (while preserving its maximized and/or full-screen state), use the following:

 w->setWindowState(w->windowState() & ~Qt.WindowMinimized | Qt.WindowActive);

Calling this function will hide the widget. You must call show() to make the widget visible again.

Note: On some window systems Qt.WindowActive is not immediate, and may be ignored in certain cases.

When the window state changes, the widget receives a changeEvent() of type QEvent.WindowStateChange.

See also Qt.WindowState and windowState().

QWidget.setWindowTitle (self, QString)

QWidget.show (self)

This method is also a Qt slot with the C++ signature void show().

Shows the widget and its child widgets. This function is equivalent to setVisible(true).

See also raise_(), showEvent(), hide(), setVisible(), showMinimized(), showMaximized(), showNormal(), and isVisible().

QWidget.showEvent (self, QShowEvent)

This event handler can be reimplemented in a subclass to receive widget show events which are passed in the event parameter.

Non-spontaneous show events are sent to widgets immediately before they are shown. The spontaneous show events of windows are delivered afterwards.

Note: A widget receives spontaneous show and hide events when its mapping status is changed by the window system, e.g. a spontaneous hide event when the user minimizes the window, and a spontaneous show event when the window is restored again. After receiving a spontaneous hide event, a widget is still considered visible in the sense of isVisible().

See also visible, event(), and QShowEvent.

QWidget.showFullScreen (self)

This method is also a Qt slot with the C++ signature void showFullScreen().

Shows the widget in full-screen mode.

Calling this function only affects windows.

To return from full-screen mode, call showNormal().

Full-screen mode works fine under Windows, but has certain problems under X. These problems are due to limitations of the ICCCM protocol that specifies the communication between X11 clients and the window manager. ICCCM simply does not understand the concept of non-decorated full-screen windows. Therefore, the best we can do is to request a borderless window and place and resize it to fill the entire screen. Depending on the window manager, this may or may not work. The borderless window is requested using MOTIF hints, which are at least partially supported by virtually all modern window managers.

An alternative would be to bypass the window manager entirely and create a window with the Qt.X11BypassWindowManagerHint flag. This has other severe problems though, like totally broken keyboard focus and very strange effects on desktop changes or when the user raises other windows.

X11 window managers that follow modern post-ICCCM specifications support full-screen mode properly.

See also showNormal(), showMaximized(), show(), hide(), and isVisible().

QWidget.showMaximized (self)

This method is also a Qt slot with the C++ signature void showMaximized().

Shows the widget maximized.

Calling this function only affects windows.

On X11, this function may not work properly with certain window managers. See the Window Geometry documentation for an explanation.

See also setWindowState(), showNormal(), showMinimized(), show(), hide(), and isVisible().

QWidget.showMinimized (self)

This method is also a Qt slot with the C++ signature void showMinimized().

Shows the widget minimized, as an icon.

Calling this function only affects windows.

See also showNormal(), showMaximized(), show(), hide(), isVisible(), and isMinimized().

QWidget.showNormal (self)

This method is also a Qt slot with the C++ signature void showNormal().

Restores the widget after it has been maximized or minimized.

Calling this function only affects windows.

See also setWindowState(), showMinimized(), showMaximized(), show(), hide(), and isVisible().

QSize QWidget.size (self)

QSize QWidget.sizeHint (self)

QSize QWidget.sizeIncrement (self)

QSizePolicy QWidget.sizePolicy (self)

QWidget.stackUnder (self, QWidget)

Places the widget under w in the parent widget's stack.

To make this work, the widget itself and w must be siblings.

See also raise_() and lower().

QString QWidget.statusTip (self)

QStyle QWidget.style (self)

See also QWidget.setStyle(), QApplication.setStyle(), and QApplication.style().

QString QWidget.styleSheet (self)

QWidget.tabletEvent (self, QTabletEvent)

This event handler, for event event, can be reimplemented in a subclass to receive tablet events for the widget.

If you reimplement this handler, it is very important that you ignore() the event if you do not handle it, so that the widget's parent can interpret it.

The default implementation ignores the event.

See also QTabletEvent.ignore(), QTabletEvent.accept(), event(), and QTabletEvent.

bool QWidget.testAttribute (self, Qt.WidgetAttribute attribute)

Returns true if attribute attribute is set on this widget; otherwise returns false.

See also setAttribute().

QString QWidget.toolTip (self)

QWidget QWidget.topLevelWidget (self)

bool QWidget.underMouse (self)

Returns true if the widget is under the mouse cursor; otherwise returns false.

This value is not updated properly during drag and drop operations.

See also enterEvent() and leaveEvent().

QWidget.ungrabGesture (self, Qt.GestureType type)

Unsubscribes the widget from a given gesture type

This function was introduced in Qt 4.6.

See also grabGesture() and QGestureEvent.

QWidget.unsetCursor (self)

QWidget.unsetLayoutDirection (self)

QWidget.unsetLocale (self)

QWidget.update (self)

This method is also a Qt slot with the C++ signature void update().

Updates the widget unless updates are disabled or the widget is hidden.

This function does not cause an immediate repaint; instead it schedules a paint event for processing when Qt returns to the main event loop. This permits Qt to optimize for more speed and less flicker than a call to repaint() does.

Calling update() several times normally results in just one paintEvent() call.

Qt normally erases the widget's area before the paintEvent() call. If the Qt.WA_OpaquePaintEvent widget attribute is set, the widget is responsible for painting all its pixels with an opaque color.

See also repaint(), paintEvent(), setUpdatesEnabled(), and Analog Clock Example.

QWidget.update (self, QRect)

This is an overloaded function.

This version updates a rectangle (x, y, w, h) inside the widget.

QWidget.update (self, QRegion)

This is an overloaded function.

This version updates a rectangle rect inside the widget.

QWidget.update (self, int ax, int ay, int aw, int ah)

This is an overloaded function.

This version repaints a region rgn inside the widget.

QWidget.updateGeometry (self)

Notifies the layout system that this widget has changed and may need to change geometry.

Call this function if the sizeHint() or sizePolicy() have changed.

For explicitly hidden widgets, updateGeometry() is a no-op. The layout system will be notified as soon as the widget is shown.

QWidget.updateMicroFocus (self)

Updates the widget's micro focus.

See also QInputContext.

bool QWidget.updatesEnabled (self)

QRegion QWidget.visibleRegion (self)

Returns the unobscured region where paint events can occur.

For visible widgets, this is an approximation of the area not covered by other widgets; otherwise, this is an empty region.

The repaint() function calls this function if necessary, so in general you do not need to call it.

QString QWidget.whatsThis (self)

QWidget.wheelEvent (self, QWheelEvent)

This event handler, for event event, can be reimplemented in a subclass to receive wheel events for the widget.

If you reimplement this handler, it is very important that you ignore() the event if you do not handle it, so that the widget's parent can interpret it.

The default implementation ignores the event.

See also QWheelEvent.ignore(), QWheelEvent.accept(), event(), and QWheelEvent.

int QWidget.width (self)

QWidget QWidget.window (self)

Returns the window for this widget, i.e. the next ancestor widget that has (or could have) a window-system frame.

If the widget is a window, the widget itself is returned.

Typical usage is changing the window title:

 aWidget->window()->setWindowTitle("New Window Title");

See also isWindow().

QWidget.windowActivationChange (self, bool)

QString QWidget.windowFilePath (self)

Qt.WindowFlags QWidget.windowFlags (self)

QIcon QWidget.windowIcon (self)

QString QWidget.windowIconText (self)

Qt.WindowModality QWidget.windowModality (self)

float QWidget.windowOpacity (self)

QString QWidget.windowRole (self)

Returns the window's role, or an empty string.

See also setWindowRole(), windowIcon, and windowTitle.

Qt.WindowStates QWidget.windowState (self)

Returns the current window state. The window state is a OR'ed combination of Qt.WindowState: Qt.WindowMinimized, Qt.WindowMaximized, Qt.WindowFullScreen, and Qt.WindowActive.

See also Qt.WindowState and setWindowState().

QString QWidget.windowTitle (self)

Qt.WindowType QWidget.windowType (self)

Returns the window type of this widget. This is identical to windowFlags() & Qt.WindowType_Mask.

See also windowFlags.

int QWidget.winId (self)

Returns the window system identifier of the widget.

Portable in principle, but if you use it you are probably about to do something non-portable. Be careful.

If a widget is non-native (alien) and winId() is invoked on it, that widget will be provided a native handle.

On Mac OS X, the type returned depends on which framework Qt was linked against. If Qt is using Carbon, the {WId} is actually an HIViewRef. If Qt is using Cocoa, {WId} is a pointer to an NSView.

This value may change at run-time. An event with type QEvent.WinIdChange will be sent to the widget following a change in window system identifier.

See also find().

int QWidget.x (self)

QX11Info QWidget.x11Info (self)

Returns information about the configuration of the X display used to display the widget.

Warning: This function is only available on X11.

int QWidget.x11PictureHandle (self)

Returns the X11 Picture handle of the widget for XRender support. Use of this function is not portable. This function will return 0 if XRender support is not compiled into Qt, if the XRender extension is not supported on the X11 display, or if the handle could not be created.

int QWidget.y (self)


Qt Signal Documentation

void customContextMenuRequested (const ::QPoint&)

This is the default overload of this signal.

This signal is emitted when the widget's contextMenuPolicy is Qt.CustomContextMenu, and the user has requested a context menu on the widget. The position pos is the position of the context menu event that the widget receives. Normally this is in widget coordinates. The exception to this rule is QAbstractScrollArea and its subclasses that map the context menu event to coordinates of the viewport() .

See also mapToGlobal(), QMenu, and contextMenuPolicy.


PyQt 4.12 for X11Copyright © Riverbank Computing Ltd and The Qt Company 2015Qt 4.8.7