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QGraphicsProxyWidget Class Reference
[QtGui module]

The QGraphicsProxyWidget class provides a proxy layer for embedding a QWidget in a QGraphicsScene. More...

Inherits QGraphicsWidget.


Detailed Description

The QGraphicsProxyWidget class provides a proxy layer for embedding a QWidget in a QGraphicsScene.

QGraphicsProxyWidget embeds QWidget-based widgets, for example, a QPushButton, QFontComboBox, or even QFileDialog, into QGraphicsScene. It forwards events between the two objects and translates between QWidget's integer-based geometry and QGraphicsWidget's qreal-based geometry. QGraphicsProxyWidget supports all core features of QWidget, including tab focus, keyboard input, Drag & Drop, and popups. You can also embed complex widgets, e.g., widgets with subwidgets.


 int main(int argc, char **argv)
     QApplication app(argc, argv);

     QTabWidget *tabWidget = new QTabWidget;

     QGraphicsScene scene;
     QGraphicsProxyWidget *proxy = scene.addWidget(tabWidget);

     QGraphicsView view(&scene);

     return app.exec();

QGraphicsProxyWidget takes care of automatically embedding popup children of embedded widgets through creating a child proxy for each popup. This means that when an embedded QComboBox shows its popup list, a new QGraphicsProxyWidget is created automatically, embedding the popup, and positioning it correctly. This only works if the popup is child of the embedded widget (for example QToolButton.setMenu() requires the QMenu instance to be child of the QToolButton).

Embedding a Widget with QGraphicsProxyWidget

There are two ways to embed a widget using QGraphicsProxyWidget. The most common way is to pass a widget pointer to QGraphicsScene.addWidget() together with any relevant Qt.WindowFlags. This function returns a pointer to a QGraphicsProxyWidget. You can then choose to reparent or position either the proxy, or the embedded widget itself.

For example, in the code snippet below, we embed a group box into the proxy:

 QGroupBox *groupBox = new QGroupBox("Contact Details");
 QLabel *numberLabel = new QLabel("Telephone number");
 QLineEdit *numberEdit = new QLineEdit;

 QFormLayout *layout = new QFormLayout;
 layout->addRow(numberLabel, numberEdit);

 QGraphicsScene scene;
 QGraphicsProxyWidget *proxy = scene.addWidget(groupBox);

 QGraphicsView view(&scene);

The image below is the output obtained with its contents margin and contents rect labeled.

Alternatively, you can start by creating a new QGraphicsProxyWidget item, and then call setWidget() to embed a QWidget later. The widget() function returns a pointer to the embedded widget. QGraphicsProxyWidget shares ownership with QWidget, so if either of the two widgets are destroyed, the other widget will be automatically destroyed as well.

Synchronizing Widget States

QGraphicsProxyWidget keeps its state in sync with the embedded widget. For example, if the proxy is hidden or disabled, the embedded widget will be hidden or disabled as well, and vice versa. When the widget is embedded by calling addWidget(), QGraphicsProxyWidget copies the state from the widget into the proxy, and after that, the two will stay synchronized where possible. By default, when you embed a widget into a proxy, both the widget and the proxy will be visible because a QGraphicsWidget is visible when created (you do not have to call show()). If you explicitly hide the embedded widget, the proxy will also become invisible.


 QGraphicsScene scene;

 QLineEdit *edit = new QLineEdit;
 QGraphicsProxyWidget *proxy = scene.addWidget(edit);

 edit->isVisible();  // returns true
 proxy->isVisible(); // also returns true


 edit->isVisible();  // returns false
 proxy->isVisible(); // also returns false

QGraphicsProxyWidget maintains symmetry for the following states:

QWidget state QGraphicsProxyWidget state Notes
QWidget.enabled QGraphicsProxyWidget.enabled
QWidget.visible QGraphicsProxyWidget.visible The explicit state is also symmetric.
QWidget.geometry QGraphicsProxyWidget.geometry Geometry is only guaranteed to be symmetric while the embedded widget is visible.
QWidget.layoutDirection QGraphicsProxyWidget.layoutDirection
QWidget.style QGraphicsProxyWidget.style
QWidget.palette QGraphicsProxyWidget.palette
QWidget.font QGraphicsProxyWidget.font
QWidget.cursor QGraphicsProxyWidget.cursor The embedded widget overrides the proxy widget cursor. The proxy cursor changes depending on which embedded subwidget is currently under the mouse.
QWidget.sizeHint() QGraphicsProxyWidget.sizeHint() All size hint functionality from the embedded widget is forwarded by the proxy.
QWidget.getContentsMargins() QGraphicsProxyWidget.getContentsMargins() Updated once by setWidget().
QWidget.windowTitle QGraphicsProxyWidget.windowTitle Updated once by setWidget().

Note: QGraphicsScene keeps the embedded widget in a special state that prevents it from disturbing other widgets (both embedded and not embedded) while the widget is embedded. In this state, the widget may differ slightly in behavior from when it is not embedded.

Warning: This class is provided for convenience when bridging QWidgets and QGraphicsItems, it should not be used for high-performance scenarios.

Method Documentation

QGraphicsProxyWidget.__init__ (self, QGraphicsItem parent = None, Qt.WindowFlags flags = 0)

The parent argument, if not None, causes self to be owned by Qt instead of PyQt.

Constructs a new QGraphicsProxy widget. parent and wFlags are passed to QGraphicsItem's constructor.

QGraphicsProxyWidget.contextMenuEvent (self, QGraphicsSceneContextMenuEvent event)

Reimplemented from QGraphicsItem.contextMenuEvent().

QGraphicsProxyWidget QGraphicsProxyWidget.createProxyForChildWidget (self, QWidget child)

Creates a proxy widget for the given child of the widget contained in this proxy.

This function makes it possible to acquire proxies for non top-level widgets. For instance, you can embed a dialog, and then transform only one of its widgets.

If the widget is already embedded, return the existing proxy widget.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.5.

See also newProxyWidget() and QGraphicsScene.addWidget().

QGraphicsProxyWidget.dragEnterEvent (self, QGraphicsSceneDragDropEvent event)

Reimplemented from QGraphicsItem.dragEnterEvent().

QGraphicsProxyWidget.dragLeaveEvent (self, QGraphicsSceneDragDropEvent event)

Reimplemented from QGraphicsItem.dragLeaveEvent().

QGraphicsProxyWidget.dragMoveEvent (self, QGraphicsSceneDragDropEvent event)

Reimplemented from QGraphicsItem.dragMoveEvent().

QGraphicsProxyWidget.dropEvent (self, QGraphicsSceneDragDropEvent event)

Reimplemented from QGraphicsItem.dropEvent().

bool QGraphicsProxyWidget.event (self, QEvent event)

Reimplemented from QObject.event().

bool QGraphicsProxyWidget.eventFilter (self, QObject object, QEvent event)

Reimplemented from QObject.eventFilter().

QGraphicsProxyWidget.focusInEvent (self, QFocusEvent event)

Reimplemented from QGraphicsItem.focusInEvent().

bool QGraphicsProxyWidget.focusNextPrevChild (self, bool next)

Reimplemented from QGraphicsWidget.focusNextPrevChild().

QGraphicsProxyWidget.focusOutEvent (self, QFocusEvent event)

Reimplemented from QGraphicsItem.focusOutEvent().

QGraphicsProxyWidget.grabMouseEvent (self, QEvent event)

Reimplemented from QGraphicsWidget.grabMouseEvent().

QGraphicsProxyWidget.hideEvent (self, QHideEvent event)

Reimplemented from QGraphicsWidget.hideEvent().

QGraphicsProxyWidget.hoverEnterEvent (self, QGraphicsSceneHoverEvent event)

Reimplemented from QGraphicsItem.hoverEnterEvent().

QGraphicsProxyWidget.hoverLeaveEvent (self, QGraphicsSceneHoverEvent event)

Reimplemented from QGraphicsItem.hoverLeaveEvent().

QGraphicsProxyWidget.hoverMoveEvent (self, QGraphicsSceneHoverEvent event)

Reimplemented from QGraphicsItem.hoverMoveEvent().

QVariant QGraphicsProxyWidget.itemChange (self, QGraphicsItem.GraphicsItemChange change, QVariant value)

Reimplemented from QGraphicsItem.itemChange().

QGraphicsProxyWidget.keyPressEvent (self, QKeyEvent event)

Reimplemented from QGraphicsItem.keyPressEvent().

QGraphicsProxyWidget.keyReleaseEvent (self, QKeyEvent event)

Reimplemented from QGraphicsItem.keyReleaseEvent().

QGraphicsProxyWidget.mouseDoubleClickEvent (self, QGraphicsSceneMouseEvent event)

Reimplemented from QGraphicsItem.mouseDoubleClickEvent().

QGraphicsProxyWidget.mouseMoveEvent (self, QGraphicsSceneMouseEvent event)

Reimplemented from QGraphicsItem.mouseMoveEvent().

QGraphicsProxyWidget.mousePressEvent (self, QGraphicsSceneMouseEvent event)

Reimplemented from QGraphicsItem.mousePressEvent().

QGraphicsProxyWidget.mouseReleaseEvent (self, QGraphicsSceneMouseEvent event)

Reimplemented from QGraphicsItem.mouseReleaseEvent().

QGraphicsProxyWidget QGraphicsProxyWidget.newProxyWidget (self, QWidget)

Creates a proxy widget for the given child of the widget contained in this proxy.

You should not call this function directly; use QGraphicsProxyWidget.createProxyForChildWidget() instead.

This function is a fake virtual slot that you can reimplement in your subclass in order to control how new proxy widgets are created. The default implementation returns a proxy created with the QGraphicsProxyWidget() constructor with this proxy widget as the parent.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.5.

See also createProxyForChildWidget().

QGraphicsProxyWidget.paint (self, QPainter painter, QStyleOptionGraphicsItem option, QWidget widget)

Reimplemented from QGraphicsItem.paint().

QGraphicsProxyWidget.resizeEvent (self, QGraphicsSceneResizeEvent event)

Reimplemented from QGraphicsWidget.resizeEvent().

QGraphicsProxyWidget.setGeometry (self, QRectF rect)

Reimplemented from QGraphicsLayoutItem.setGeometry().

QGraphicsProxyWidget.setWidget (self, QWidget widget)

The widget argument has it's ownership transferred to Qt.

Embeds widget into this proxy widget. The embedded widget must reside exclusively either inside or outside of Graphics View. You cannot embed a widget as long as it is is visible elsewhere in the UI, at the same time.

widget must be a top-level widget whose parent is 0.

When the widget is embedded, its state (e.g., visible, enabled, geometry, size hints) is copied into the proxy widget. If the embedded widget is explicitly hidden or disabled, the proxy widget will become explicitly hidden or disabled after embedding is complete. The class documentation has a full overview over the shared state.

QGraphicsProxyWidget's window flags determine whether the widget, after embedding, will be given window decorations or not.

After this function returns, QGraphicsProxyWidget will keep its state synchronized with that of widget whenever possible.

If a widget is already embedded by this proxy when this function is called, that widget will first be automatically unembedded. Passing 0 for the widget argument will only unembed the widget, and the ownership of the currently embedded widget will be passed on to the caller. Every child widget that are embedded will also be embedded and their proxy widget destroyed.

Note that widgets with the Qt.WA_PaintOnScreen widget attribute set and widgets that wrap an external application or controller cannot be embedded. Examples are QGLWidget and QAxWidget.

See also widget().

QGraphicsProxyWidget.showEvent (self, QShowEvent event)

Reimplemented from QGraphicsWidget.showEvent().

QSizeF QGraphicsProxyWidget.sizeHint (self, Qt.SizeHint which, QSizeF constraint = QSizeF())

Reimplemented from QGraphicsLayoutItem.sizeHint().

QRectF QGraphicsProxyWidget.subWidgetRect (self, QWidget widget)

Returns the rectangle for widget, which must be a descendant of widget(), or widget() itself, in this proxy item's local coordinates.

If no widget is embedded, widget is 0, or widget is not a descendant of the embedded widget, this function returns an empty QRectF.

See also widget().

int QGraphicsProxyWidget.type (self)

Reimplemented from QGraphicsItem.type().

QGraphicsProxyWidget.ungrabMouseEvent (self, QEvent event)

Reimplemented from QGraphicsWidget.ungrabMouseEvent().

QGraphicsProxyWidget.wheelEvent (self, QGraphicsSceneWheelEvent event)

Reimplemented from QGraphicsItem.wheelEvent().

QWidget QGraphicsProxyWidget.widget (self)

Returns a pointer to the embedded widget.

See also setWidget().

PyQt 4.12.1 for X11Copyright © Riverbank Computing Ltd and The Qt Company 2015Qt 4.8.7