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QPaintDevice Class Reference
[QtGui module]

The QPaintDevice class is the base class of objects that can be painted. More...

Inherited by QGLFramebufferObject, QGLPixelBuffer, QImage, QPicture, QPixmap, QPrinter, QSvgGenerator and QWidget.

Types

Methods


Detailed Description

The QPaintDevice class is the base class of objects that can be painted.

A paint device is an abstraction of a two-dimensional space that can be drawn using a QPainter. Its default coordinate system has its origin located at the top-left position. X increases to the right and Y increases downwards. The unit is one pixel.

The drawing capabilities of QPaintDevice are currently implemented by the QWidget, QImage, QPixmap, QGLPixelBuffer, QPicture, and QPrinter subclasses.

To implement support for a new backend, you must derive from QPaintDevice and reimplement the virtual paintEngine() function to tell QPainter which paint engine should be used to draw on this particular device. Note that you also must create a corresponding paint engine to be able to draw on the device, i.e derive from QPaintEngine and reimplement its virtual functions.

Warning: Qt requires that a QApplication object exists before any paint devices can be created. Paint devices access window system resources, and these resources are not initialized before an application object is created.

The QPaintDevice class provides several functions returning the various device metrics: The depth() function returns its bit depth (number of bit planes). The height() function returns its height in default coordinate system units (e.g. pixels for QPixmap and QWidget) while heightMM() returns the height of the device in millimeters. Similiarily, the width() and widthMM() functions return the width of the device in default coordinate system units and in millimeters, respectively. Alternatively, the protected metric() function can be used to retrieve the metric information by specifying the desired PaintDeviceMetric as argument.

The logicalDpiX() and logicalDpiY() functions return the horizontal and vertical resolution of the device in dots per inch. The physicalDpiX() and physicalDpiY() functions also return the resolution of the device in dots per inch, but note that if the logical and physical resolution differ, the corresponding QPaintEngine must handle the mapping. Finally, the colorCount() function returns the number of different colors available for the paint device.


Type Documentation

QPaintDevice.PaintDeviceMetric

Describes the various metrics of a paint device.

Constant Value Description
QPaintDevice.PdmWidth 1 The width of the paint device in default coordinate system units (e.g. pixels for QPixmap and QWidget). See also width().
QPaintDevice.PdmHeight 2 The height of the paint device in default coordinate system units (e.g. pixels for QPixmap and QWidget). See also height().
QPaintDevice.PdmWidthMM 3 The width of the paint device in millimeters. See also widthMM().
QPaintDevice.PdmHeightMM 4 The height of the paint device in millimeters. See also heightMM().
QPaintDevice.PdmNumColors 5 The number of different colors available for the paint device. See also colorCount().
QPaintDevice.PdmDepth 6 The bit depth (number of bit planes) of the paint device. See also depth().
QPaintDevice.PdmDpiX 7 The horizontal resolution of the device in dots per inch. See also logicalDpiX().
QPaintDevice.PdmDpiY 8 The vertical resolution of the device in dots per inch. See also logicalDpiY().
QPaintDevice.PdmPhysicalDpiX 9 The horizontal resolution of the device in dots per inch. See also physicalDpiX().
QPaintDevice.PdmPhysicalDpiY 10 The vertical resolution of the device in dots per inch. See also physicalDpiY().

See also metric().


Method Documentation

QPaintDevice.__init__ (self)

Constructs a paint device. This constructor can be invoked only from subclasses of QPaintDevice.

int QPaintDevice.colorCount (self)

Returns the number of different colors available for the paint device. Since this value is an int, it will not be sufficient to represent the number of colors on 32 bit displays, in this case INT_MAX is returned instead.

int QPaintDevice.depth (self)

Returns the bit depth (number of bit planes) of the paint device.

int QPaintDevice.height (self)

Returns the height of the paint device in default coordinate system units (e.g. pixels for QPixmap and QWidget).

See also heightMM().

int QPaintDevice.heightMM (self)

Returns the height of the paint device in millimeters. Due to platform limitations it may not be possible to use this function to determine the actual physical size of a widget on the screen.

See also height().

int QPaintDevice.logicalDpiX (self)

Returns the horizontal resolution of the device in dots per inch, which is used when computing font sizes. For X11, this is usually the same as could be computed from widthMM().

Note that if the logicalDpiX() doesn't equal the physicalDpiX(), the corresponding QPaintEngine must handle the resolution mapping.

See also logicalDpiY() and physicalDpiX().

int QPaintDevice.logicalDpiY (self)

Returns the vertical resolution of the device in dots per inch, which is used when computing font sizes. For X11, this is usually the same as could be computed from heightMM().

Note that if the logicalDpiY() doesn't equal the physicalDpiY(), the corresponding QPaintEngine must handle the resolution mapping.

See also logicalDpiX() and physicalDpiY().

int QPaintDevice.metric (self, PaintDeviceMetric metric)

Returns the metric information for the given paint device metric.

See also PaintDeviceMetric.

int QPaintDevice.numColors (self)

This function is deprecated.

Use colorCount() instead.

Returns the number of different colors available for the paint device. Since this value is an int, it will not be sufficient to represent the number of colors on 32 bit displays, in this case INT_MAX is returned instead.

QPaintEngine QPaintDevice.paintEngine (self)

This method is abstract and should be reimplemented in any sub-class.

Returns a pointer to the paint engine used for drawing on the device.

bool QPaintDevice.paintingActive (self)

Returns true if the device is currently being painted on, i.e. someone has called QPainter.begin() but not yet called QPainter.end() for this device; otherwise returns false.

See also QPainter.isActive().

int QPaintDevice.physicalDpiX (self)

Returns the horizontal resolution of the device in dots per inch. For example, when printing, this resolution refers to the physical printer's resolution. The logical DPI on the other hand, refers to the resolution used by the actual paint engine.

Note that if the physicalDpiX() doesn't equal the logicalDpiX(), the corresponding QPaintEngine must handle the resolution mapping.

See also physicalDpiY() and logicalDpiX().

int QPaintDevice.physicalDpiY (self)

Returns the horizontal resolution of the device in dots per inch. For example, when printing, this resolution refers to the physical printer's resolution. The logical DPI on the other hand, refers to the resolution used by the actual paint engine.

Note that if the physicalDpiY() doesn't equal the logicalDpiY(), the corresponding QPaintEngine must handle the resolution mapping.

See also physicalDpiX() and logicalDpiY().

int QPaintDevice.width (self)

Returns the width of the paint device in default coordinate system units (e.g. pixels for QPixmap and QWidget).

See also widthMM().

int QPaintDevice.widthMM (self)

Returns the width of the paint device in millimeters. Due to platform limitations it may not be possible to use this function to determine the actual physical size of a widget on the screen.

See also width().


PyQt 4.12 for X11Copyright © Riverbank Computing Ltd and The Qt Company 2015Qt 4.8.7