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QSqlRelationalTableModel Class Reference
[QtSql module]

The QSqlRelationalTableModel class provides an editable data model for a single database table, with foreign key support. More...

Inherits QSqlTableModel.



Detailed Description

The QSqlRelationalTableModel class provides an editable data model for a single database table, with foreign key support.

QSqlRelationalTableModel acts like QSqlTableModel, but allows columns to be set as foreign keys into other database tables.

The screenshot on the left shows a plain QSqlTableModel in a QTableView. Foreign keys (city and country) aren't resolved to human-readable values. The screenshot on the right shows a QSqlRelationalTableModel, with foreign keys resolved into human-readable text strings.

The following code snippet shows how the QSqlRelationalTableModel was set up:


     model->setRelation(2, QSqlRelation("city", "id", "name"));
     model->setRelation(3, QSqlRelation("country", "id", "name"));

The setRelation() function calls establish a relationship between two tables. The first call specifies that column 2 in table employee is a foreign key that maps with field id of table city, and that the view should present the city's name field to the user. The second call does something similar with column 3.

If you use a read-write QSqlRelationalTableModel, you probably want to use QSqlRelationalDelegate on the view. Unlike the default delegate, QSqlRelationalDelegate provides a combobox for fields that are foreign keys into other tables. To use the class, simply call QAbstractItemView.setItemDelegate() on the view with an instance of QSqlRelationalDelegate:

     QTableView *view = new QTableView;
     view->setItemDelegate(new QSqlRelationalDelegate(view));

The sql/relationaltablemodel example illustrates how to use QSqlRelationalTableModel in conjunction with QSqlRelationalDelegate to provide tables with foreign key support.


Type Documentation


This enum specifies the type of mode to use when joining two tables.

Constant Value Description
QSqlRelationalTableModel.InnerJoin 0 Inner join mode, return rows when there is at least one match in both tables.
QSqlRelationalTableModel.LeftJoin 1 Left join mode, returns all rows from the left table (table_name1), even if there are no matches in the right table (table_name2).

This enum was introduced or modified in Qt 4.8.

See also QSqlRelationalTableModel.setJoinMode().

Method Documentation

QSqlRelationalTableModel.__init__ (self, QObject parent = None, QSqlDatabase db = QSqlDatabase())

The parent argument, if not None, causes self to be owned by Qt instead of PyQt.

Creates an empty QSqlRelationalTableModel and sets the parent to parent and the database connection to db. If db is not valid, the default database connection will be used.

QSqlRelationalTableModel.clear (self)

Reimplemented from QSqlQueryModel.clear().

QVariant QSqlRelationalTableModel.data (self, QModelIndex index, int role = Qt.DisplayRole)

Reimplemented from QAbstractItemModel.data().

See also setData().

bool QSqlRelationalTableModel.insertRowIntoTable (self, QSqlRecord values)

Reimplemented from QSqlTableModel.insertRowIntoTable().

QString QSqlRelationalTableModel.orderByClause (self)

Reimplemented from QSqlTableModel.orderByClause().

QSqlRelation QSqlRelationalTableModel.relation (self, int column)

Returns the relation for the column column, or an invalid relation if no relation is set.

See also setRelation() and QSqlRelation.isValid().

QSqlTableModel QSqlRelationalTableModel.relationModel (self, int column)

Returns a QSqlTableModel object for accessing the table for which column is a foreign key, or 0 if there is no relation for the given column.

The returned object is owned by the QSqlRelationalTableModel.

See also setRelation() and relation().

bool QSqlRelationalTableModel.removeColumns (self, int column, int count, QModelIndex parent = QModelIndex())

Reimplemented from QAbstractItemModel.removeColumns().

QSqlRelationalTableModel.revertRow (self, int row)

Reimplemented from QSqlTableModel.revertRow().

bool QSqlRelationalTableModel.select (self)

Reimplemented from QSqlTableModel.select().

QString QSqlRelationalTableModel.selectStatement (self)

Reimplemented from QSqlTableModel.selectStatement().

bool QSqlRelationalTableModel.setData (self, QModelIndex index, QVariant value, int role = Qt.EditRole)

Reimplemented from QAbstractItemModel.setData().

Sets the data for the role in the item with the specified index to the value given. Depending on the edit strategy, the value might be applied to the database at once, or it may be cached in the model.

Returns true if the value could be set, or false on error (for example, if index is out of bounds).

For relational columns, value must be the index, not the display value. The index must also exist in the referenced table, otherwise the function returns false.

See also editStrategy(), data(), submit(), and revertRow().

QSqlRelationalTableModel.setJoinMode (self, JoinMode joinMode)

Sets the SQL join mode to the value given by joinMode to show or hide rows with NULL foreign keys.

In InnerJoin mode (the default) these rows will not be shown; use the LeftJoin mode if you want to show them.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.8.

See also QSqlRelationalTableModel.JoinMode.

QSqlRelationalTableModel.setRelation (self, int column, QSqlRelation relation)

Lets the specified column be a foreign index specified by relation.



     model->setRelation(2, QSqlRelation("city", "id", "name"));

The setRelation() call specifies that column 2 in table employee is a foreign key that maps with field id of table city, and that the view should present the city's name field to the user.

Note: The table's primary key may not contain a relation to another table.

See also relation().

QSqlRelationalTableModel.setTable (self, QString tableName)

Reimplemented from QSqlTableModel.setTable().

bool QSqlRelationalTableModel.updateRowInTable (self, int row, QSqlRecord values)

Reimplemented from QSqlTableModel.updateRowInTable().

PyQt 4.12.1 for X11Copyright © Riverbank Computing Ltd and The Qt Company 2015Qt 4.8.7