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QMdiArea Class Reference
[QtGui module]

The QMdiArea widget provides an area in which MDI windows are displayed. More...

Inherits QAbstractScrollArea.



Qt Signals

Detailed Description

The QMdiArea widget provides an area in which MDI windows are displayed.

QMdiArea functions, essentially, like a window manager for MDI windows. For instance, it draws the windows it manages on itself and arranges them in a cascading or tile pattern. QMdiArea is commonly used as the center widget in a QMainWindow to create MDI applications, but can also be placed in any layout. The following code adds an area to a main window:

     QMainWindow *mainWindow = new QMainWindow;

Unlike the window managers for top-level windows, all window flags (Qt.WindowFlags) are supported by QMdiArea as long as the flags are supported by the current widget style. If a specific flag is not supported by the style (e.g., the WindowShadeButtonHint), you can still shade the window with showShaded().

Subwindows in QMdiArea are instances of QMdiSubWindow. They are added to an MDI area with addSubWindow(). It is common to pass a QWidget, which is set as the internal widget, to this function, but it is also possible to pass a QMdiSubWindow directly.The class inherits QWidget, and you can use the same API as with a normal top-level window when programming. QMdiSubWindow also has behavior that is specific to MDI windows. See the QMdiSubWindow class description for more details.

A subwindow becomes active when it gets the keyboard focus, or when setFocus() is called. The user activates a window by moving focus in the usual ways. The MDI area emits the subWindowActivated() signal when the active window changes, and the activeSubWindow() function returns the active subwindow.

The convenience function subWindowList() returns a list of all subwindows. This information could be used in a popup menu containing a list of windows, for example.

The subwindows are sorted by the current WindowOrder. This is used for the subWindowList() and for activateNextSubWindow() and acivatePreviousSubWindow(). Also, it is used when cascading or tiling the windows with cascadeSubWindows() and tileSubWindows().

QMdiArea provides two built-in layout strategies for subwindows: cascadeSubWindows() and tileSubWindows(). Both are slots and are easily connected to menu entries.

Note: The default scroll bar property for QMdiArea is Qt.ScrollBarAlwaysOff.

Type Documentation


This enum describes options that customize the behavior of the QMdiArea.

Constant Value Description
QMdiArea.DontMaximizeSubWindowOnActivation 0x1 When the active subwindow is maximized, the default behavior is to maximize the next subwindow that is activated. Set this option if you do not want this behavior.

The AreaOptions type is a typedef for QFlags<AreaOption>. It stores an OR combination of AreaOption values.


This enum describes the view mode of the area; i.e. how sub-windows will be displayed.

Constant Value Description
QMdiArea.SubWindowView 0 Display sub-windows with window frames (default).
QMdiArea.TabbedView 1 Display sub-windows with tabs in a tab bar.

This enum was introduced or modified in Qt 4.4.

See also setViewMode().


Specifies the criteria to use for ordering the list of child windows returned by subWindowList(). The functions cascadeSubWindows() and tileSubWindows() follow this order when arranging the windows.

Constant Value Description
QMdiArea.CreationOrder 0 The windows are returned in the order of their creation.
QMdiArea.StackingOrder 1 The windows are returned in the order in which they are stacked, with the top-most window being last in the list.
QMdiArea.ActivationHistoryOrder 2 The windows are returned in the order in which they were activated.

See also subWindowList().

Method Documentation

QMdiArea.__init__ (self, QWidget parent = None)

The parent argument, if not None, causes self to be owned by Qt instead of PyQt.

Constructs an empty mdi area. parent is passed to QWidget's constructor.

QMdiArea.activateNextSubWindow (self)

This method is also a Qt slot with the C++ signature void activateNextSubWindow().

Gives the keyboard focus to another window in the list of child windows. The window activated will be the next one determined by the current activation order.

See also activatePreviousSubWindow() and QMdiArea.WindowOrder.

QMdiArea.activatePreviousSubWindow (self)

This method is also a Qt slot with the C++ signature void activatePreviousSubWindow().

Gives the keyboard focus to another window in the list of child windows. The window activated will be the previous one determined by the current activation order.

See also activateNextSubWindow() and QMdiArea.WindowOrder.

WindowOrder QMdiArea.activationOrder (self)

QMdiSubWindow QMdiArea.activeSubWindow (self)

Returns a pointer to the current active subwindow. If no window is currently active, 0 is returned.

Subwindows are treated as top-level windows with respect to window state, i.e., if a widget outside the MDI area is the active window, no subwindow will be active. Note that if a widget in the window in which the MDI area lives gains focus, the window will be activated.

See also setActiveSubWindow() and Qt.WindowState.

QMdiSubWindow QMdiArea.addSubWindow (self, QWidget widget, Qt.WindowFlags flags = 0)

The widget argument has it's ownership transferred to Qt.

Adds widget as a new subwindow to the MDI area. If windowFlags are non-zero, they will override the flags set on the widget.

The widget can be either a QMdiSubWindow or another QWidget (in which case the MDI area will create a subwindow and set the widget as the internal widget).

Note: Once the subwindow has been added, its parent will be the viewport widget of the QMdiArea.

     QMdiArea mdiArea;
     QMdiSubWindow *subWindow1 = new QMdiSubWindow;

     QMdiSubWindow *subWindow2 =

When you create your own subwindow, you must set the Qt.WA_DeleteOnClose widget attribute if you want the window to be deleted when closed in the MDI area. If not, the window will be hidden and the MDI area will not activate the next subwindow.

Returns the QMdiSubWindow that is added to the MDI area.

See also removeSubWindow().

QBrush QMdiArea.background (self)

QMdiArea.cascadeSubWindows (self)

This method is also a Qt slot with the C++ signature void cascadeSubWindows().

Arranges all the child windows in a cascade pattern.

See also tileSubWindows().

QMdiArea.childEvent (self, QChildEvent childEvent)

Reimplemented from QObject.childEvent().

QMdiArea.closeActiveSubWindow (self)

This method is also a Qt slot with the C++ signature void closeActiveSubWindow().

Closes the active subwindow.

See also closeAllSubWindows().

QMdiArea.closeAllSubWindows (self)

This method is also a Qt slot with the C++ signature void closeAllSubWindows().

Closes all subwindows by sending a QCloseEvent to each window. You may receive subWindowActivated() signals from subwindows before they are closed (if the MDI area activates the subwindow when another is closing).

Subwindows that ignore the close event will remain open.

See also closeActiveSubWindow().

QMdiSubWindow QMdiArea.currentSubWindow (self)

Returns a pointer to the current subwindow, or 0 if there is no current subwindow.

This function will return the same as activeSubWindow() if the QApplication containing QMdiArea is active.

See also activeSubWindow() and QApplication.activeWindow().

bool QMdiArea.documentMode (self)

bool QMdiArea.event (self, QEvent event)

Reimplemented from QObject.event().

bool QMdiArea.eventFilter (self, QObject object, QEvent event)

Reimplemented from QObject.eventFilter().

QSize QMdiArea.minimumSizeHint (self)

Reimplemented from QWidget.minimumSizeHint().

QMdiArea.paintEvent (self, QPaintEvent paintEvent)

Reimplemented from QWidget.paintEvent().

QMdiArea.removeSubWindow (self, QWidget widget)

Removes widget from the MDI area. The widget must be either a QMdiSubWindow or a widget that is the internal widget of a subwindow. Note widget is never actually deleted by QMdiArea. If a QMdiSubWindow is passed in its parent is set to 0 and it is removed, but if an internal widget is passed in the child widget is set to 0 but the QMdiSubWindow is not removed.

See also addSubWindow().

QMdiArea.resizeEvent (self, QResizeEvent resizeEvent)

Reimplemented from QWidget.resizeEvent().

QMdiArea.scrollContentsBy (self, int dx, int dy)

Reimplemented from QAbstractScrollArea.scrollContentsBy().

QMdiArea.setActivationOrder (self, WindowOrder order)

QMdiArea.setActiveSubWindow (self, QMdiSubWindow window)

This method is also a Qt slot with the C++ signature void setActiveSubWindow( ::QMdiSubWindow*).

Activates the subwindow window. If window is 0, any current active window is deactivated.

See also activeSubWindow().

QMdiArea.setBackground (self, QBrush background)

QMdiArea.setDocumentMode (self, bool enabled)

QMdiArea.setOption (self, AreaOption option, bool on = True)

If on is true, option is enabled on the MDI area; otherwise it is disabled. See AreaOption for the effect of each option.

See also AreaOption and testOption().

QMdiArea.setTabPosition (self, QTabWidget.TabPosition position)

QMdiArea.setTabsClosable (self, bool closable)

QMdiArea.setTabShape (self, QTabWidget.TabShape shape)

QMdiArea.setTabsMovable (self, bool movable)

QMdiArea.setupViewport (self, QWidget viewport)

This slot is called by QAbstractScrollArea after setViewport() has been called. Reimplement this function in a subclass of QMdiArea to initialize the new viewport before it is used.

See also setViewport().

QMdiArea.setViewMode (self, ViewMode mode)

QMdiArea.showEvent (self, QShowEvent showEvent)

Reimplemented from QWidget.showEvent().

QSize QMdiArea.sizeHint (self)

Reimplemented from QWidget.sizeHint().

unknown-type QMdiArea.subWindowList (self, WindowOrder order = QMdiArea.CreationOrder)

Returns a list of all subwindows in the MDI area. If order is CreationOrder (the default), the windows are sorted in the order in which they were inserted into the workspace. If order is StackingOrder, the windows are listed in their stacking order, with the topmost window as the last item in the list. If order is ActivationHistoryOrder, the windows are listed according to their recent activation history.

See also WindowOrder.

QTabWidget.TabPosition QMdiArea.tabPosition (self)

bool QMdiArea.tabsClosable (self)

QTabWidget.TabShape QMdiArea.tabShape (self)

bool QMdiArea.tabsMovable (self)

bool QMdiArea.testOption (self, AreaOption opton)

Returns true if option is enabled; otherwise returns false.

See also AreaOption and setOption().

QMdiArea.tileSubWindows (self)

This method is also a Qt slot with the C++ signature void tileSubWindows().

Arranges all child windows in a tile pattern.

See also cascadeSubWindows().

QMdiArea.timerEvent (self, QTimerEvent timerEvent)

Reimplemented from QObject.timerEvent().

ViewMode QMdiArea.viewMode (self)

bool QMdiArea.viewportEvent (self, QEvent event)

Reimplemented from QAbstractScrollArea.viewportEvent().

Qt Signal Documentation

void subWindowActivated ( ::QMdiSubWindow*)

This is the default overload of this signal.

QMdiArea emits this signal after window has been activated. When window is 0, QMdiArea has just deactivated its last active window, and there are no active windows on the workspace.

See also QMdiArea.activeSubWindow().

PyQt 4.12.1 for X11Copyright © Riverbank Computing Ltd and The Qt Company 2015Qt 4.8.7