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QFontDatabase Class Reference
[QtGui module]

The QFontDatabase class provides information about the fonts available in the underlying window system. More...

Types

Methods

Static Methods


Detailed Description

The QFontDatabase class provides information about the fonts available in the underlying window system.

The most common uses of this class are to query the database for the list of font families() and for the pointSizes() and styles() that are available for each family. An alternative to pointSizes() is smoothSizes() which returns the sizes at which a given family and style will look attractive.

If the font family is available from two or more foundries the foundry name is included in the family name; for example: "Helvetica [Adobe]" and "Helvetica [Cronyx]". When you specify a family, you can either use the old hyphenated "foundry-family" format or the bracketed "family [foundry]" format; for example: "Cronyx-Helvetica" or "Helvetica [Cronyx]". If the family has a foundry it is always returned using the bracketed format, as is the case with the value returned by families().

The font() function returns a QFont given a family, style and point size.

A family and style combination can be checked to see if it is italic() or bold(), and to retrieve its weight(). Similarly we can call isBitmapScalable(), isSmoothlyScalable(), isScalable() and isFixedPitch().

Use the styleString() to obtain a text version of a style.

The QFontDatabase class also supports some static functions, for example, standardSizes(). You can retrieve the description of a writing system using writingSystemName(), and a sample of characters in a writing system with writingSystemSample().

Example:

     QFontDatabase database;
     QTreeWidget fontTree;
     fontTree.setColumnCount(2);
     fontTree.setHeaderLabels(QStringList() << "Font" << "Smooth Sizes");

     foreach (const QString &family, database.families()) {
         QTreeWidgetItem *familyItem = new QTreeWidgetItem(&fontTree);
         familyItem->setText(0, family);

         foreach (const QString &style, database.styles(family)) {
             QTreeWidgetItem *styleItem = new QTreeWidgetItem(familyItem);
             styleItem->setText(0, style);

             QString sizes;
             foreach (int points, database.smoothSizes(family, style))
                 sizes += QString.number(points) + " ";

             styleItem->setText(1, sizes.trimmed());
         }
     }

This example gets the list of font families, the list of styles for each family, and the point sizes that are available for each combination of family and style, displaying this information in a tree view.


Type Documentation

QFontDatabase.WritingSystem

Constant Value Description
QFontDatabase.Any 0  
QFontDatabase.Latin 1  
QFontDatabase.Greek 2  
QFontDatabase.Cyrillic 3  
QFontDatabase.Armenian 4  
QFontDatabase.Hebrew 5  
QFontDatabase.Arabic 6  
QFontDatabase.Syriac 7  
QFontDatabase.Thaana 8  
QFontDatabase.Devanagari 9  
QFontDatabase.Bengali 10  
QFontDatabase.Gurmukhi 11  
QFontDatabase.Gujarati 12  
QFontDatabase.Oriya 13  
QFontDatabase.Tamil 14  
QFontDatabase.Telugu 15  
QFontDatabase.Kannada 16  
QFontDatabase.Malayalam 17  
QFontDatabase.Sinhala 18  
QFontDatabase.Thai 19  
QFontDatabase.Lao 20  
QFontDatabase.Tibetan 21  
QFontDatabase.Myanmar 22  
QFontDatabase.Georgian 23  
QFontDatabase.Khmer 24  
QFontDatabase.SimplifiedChinese 25  
QFontDatabase.TraditionalChinese 26  
QFontDatabase.Japanese 27  
QFontDatabase.Korean 28  
QFontDatabase.Vietnamese 29  
QFontDatabase.Symbol 30  
QFontDatabase.Other Symbol (the same as Symbol)
QFontDatabase.Ogham ?  
QFontDatabase.Runic ?  
QFontDatabase.Nko ?  

Method Documentation

QFontDatabase.__init__ (self)

Creates a font database object.

QFontDatabase.__init__ (self, QFontDatabase)

int QFontDatabase.addApplicationFont (QString fileName)

Loads the font from the file specified by fileName and makes it available to the application. An ID is returned that can be used to remove the font again with removeApplicationFont() or to retrieve the list of family names contained in the font.

The function returns -1 if the font could not be loaded.

Currently only TrueType fonts, TrueType font collections, and OpenType fonts are supported.

Note: Adding application fonts on Unix/X11 platforms without fontconfig is currently not supported.

Note: On Symbian, the font family names get truncated to a length of 20 characters.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.2.

See also addApplicationFontFromData(), applicationFontFamilies(), and removeApplicationFont().

int QFontDatabase.addApplicationFontFromData (QByteArray fontData)

Loads the font from binary data specified by fontData and makes it available to the application. An ID is returned that can be used to remove the font again with removeApplicationFont() or to retrieve the list of family names contained in the font.

The function returns -1 if the font could not be loaded.

Currently only TrueType fonts and TrueType font collections are supported.

Note: Adding application fonts on Unix/X11 platforms without fontconfig is currently not supported.

Note: On Symbian, the font family names get truncated to a length of 20 characters.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.2.

See also addApplicationFont(), applicationFontFamilies(), and removeApplicationFont().

QStringList QFontDatabase.applicationFontFamilies (int id)

Returns a list of font families for the given application font identified by id.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.2.

See also addApplicationFont() and addApplicationFontFromData().

bool QFontDatabase.bold (self, QString family, QString style)

Returns true if the font that has family family and style style is bold; otherwise returns false.

See also italic() and weight().

QStringList QFontDatabase.families (self, WritingSystem writingSystem = QFontDatabase.Any)

Returns a sorted list of the available font families which support the writingSystem.

If a family exists in several foundries, the returned name for that font is in the form "family [foundry]". Examples: "Times [Adobe]", "Times [Cronyx]", "Palatino".

See also writingSystems().

QFont QFontDatabase.font (self, QString family, QString style, int pointSize)

Returns a QFont object that has family family, style style and point size pointSize. If no matching font could be created, a QFont object that uses the application's default font is returned.

bool QFontDatabase.isBitmapScalable (self, QString family, QString style = '')

Returns true if the font that has family family and style style is a scalable bitmap font; otherwise returns false. Scaling a bitmap font usually produces an unattractive hardly readable result, because the pixels of the font are scaled. If you need to scale a bitmap font it is better to scale it to one of the fixed sizes returned by smoothSizes().

See also isScalable() and isSmoothlyScalable().

bool QFontDatabase.isFixedPitch (self, QString family, QString style = '')

Returns true if the font that has family family and style style is fixed pitch; otherwise returns false.

bool QFontDatabase.isScalable (self, QString family, QString style = '')

Returns true if the font that has family family and style style is scalable; otherwise returns false.

See also isBitmapScalable() and isSmoothlyScalable().

bool QFontDatabase.isSmoothlyScalable (self, QString family, QString style = '')

Returns true if the font that has family family and style style is smoothly scalable; otherwise returns false. If this function returns true, it's safe to scale this font to any size, and the result will always look attractive.

See also isScalable() and isBitmapScalable().

bool QFontDatabase.italic (self, QString family, QString style)

Returns true if the font that has family family and style style is italic; otherwise returns false.

See also weight() and bold().

unknown-type QFontDatabase.pointSizes (self, QString family, QString style = '')

Returns a list of the point sizes available for the font with the given family and style. The list may be empty.

See also smoothSizes() and standardSizes().

bool QFontDatabase.removeAllApplicationFonts ()

Removes all application-local fonts previously added using addApplicationFont() and addApplicationFontFromData().

Returns true if unloading of the fonts succeeded; otherwise returns false.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.2.

See also removeApplicationFont(), addApplicationFont(), and addApplicationFontFromData().

bool QFontDatabase.removeApplicationFont (int id)

Removes the previously loaded application font identified by id. Returns true if unloading of the font succeeded; otherwise returns false.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.2.

See also removeAllApplicationFonts(), addApplicationFont(), and addApplicationFontFromData().

unknown-type QFontDatabase.smoothSizes (self, QString family, QString style)

Returns the point sizes of a font with the given family and style that will look attractive. The list may be empty. For non-scalable fonts and bitmap scalable fonts, this function is equivalent to pointSizes().

See also pointSizes() and standardSizes().

unknown-type QFontDatabase.standardSizes ()

Returns a list of standard font sizes.

See also smoothSizes() and pointSizes().

QStringList QFontDatabase.styles (self, QString family)

Returns a list of the styles available for the font family family. Some example styles: "Light", "Light Italic", "Bold", "Oblique", "Demi". The list may be empty.

See also families().

QString QFontDatabase.styleString (self, QFont font)

Returns a string that describes the style of the font. For example, "Bold Italic", "Bold", "Italic" or "Normal". An empty string may be returned.

QString QFontDatabase.styleString (self, QFontInfo fontInfo)

Returns a string that describes the style of the fontInfo. For example, "Bold Italic", "Bold", "Italic" or "Normal". An empty string may be returned.

bool QFontDatabase.supportsThreadedFontRendering ()

Returns true if font rendering is supported outside the GUI thread, false otherwise. In other words, a return value of false means that all QPainter.drawText() calls outside the GUI thread will not produce readable output.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.4.

See also Painting In Threads.

int QFontDatabase.weight (self, QString family, QString style)

Returns the weight of the font that has family family and style style. If there is no such family and style combination, returns -1.

See also italic() and bold().

QString QFontDatabase.writingSystemName (WritingSystem writingSystem)

Returns the names the writingSystem (e.g. for displaying to the user in a dialog).

unknown-type QFontDatabase.writingSystems (self)

Returns a sorted list of the available writing systems. This is list generated from information about all installed fonts on the system.

See also families().

unknown-type QFontDatabase.writingSystems (self, QString family)

Returns a sorted list of the writing systems supported by a given font family.

See also families().

QString QFontDatabase.writingSystemSample (WritingSystem writingSystem)

Returns a string with sample characters from writingSystem.


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